Friedrich Wilhelm Ernst Busch (January 22, 1900 – June 8, 1980) was a German singer and actor.
Haydée Tamara Bunke Bider (November 19, 1937 – August 31, 1967), better known as Tania or Tania the Guerrilla, was an Argentine-born East German communist revolutionary and spy who played a prominent role in the Cuban government after the Cuban Revolution and in various Latin American revolutionary movements. She was the only woman to fight alongside Marxist guerrillas under Che Guevara during the Bolivian Insurgency (1966–1967) where she was killed in an ambush by CIA-assisted Bolivian Army Rangers.
Erich Honecker (25 August 1912 – 29 May 1994) was a German politician who, as the General Secretary of the Socialist Unity Party, led the German Democratic Republic from 1971 until the weeks preceding the fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. From 1976 onward he was also the country's official Head of State as Chairman of the State Council following Willi Stoph's relinquishment of the post.
Paul Wessel (b. 9 April 1904 in Plauen; d. 20 January 1967 in Berlin) was a member of the small secretariat of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany, the communist party of the former German Democratic Republic.
Eberhard Koebel (also Eberhard Köbel, tusk; June 22, 1907–August 31, 1955) was a German youth leader, writer, and publisher.
Wilhelm Ehm (August 30, 1918 in Pula, Austro Hungarian Empire – August 9, 2009 in Rostock, Germany) a World War II Wehrmacht veteran and East German Admiral who was Deputy Minister of National Defense of the German Democratic Republic and head of the People's Navy (Volksmarine).
Erwin Geschonneck (27 December 1906 – 12 March 2008) was a German actor. His biggest success occurred in the German Democratic Republic, where he was considered one of the most famous actors of the time.
Emil Julius Klaus Fuchs (29 December 1911 – 28 January 1988) was a German-born British theoretical physicist and atomic spy who, in 1950, was convicted of supplying information from the American, British, and Canadian Manhattan Project to the Soviet Union during and shortly after the Second World War. While at the Los Alamos National Laboratory, Fuchs was responsible for many significant theoretical calculations relating to the first nuclear weapons, and later, early models of the hydrogen bomb.
Helene Weigel (12 May 1900 – 6 May 1971) was a distinguished German actress and artistic director. She was the second wife of Bertolt Brecht and married to him from 1930 until his death in 1956. Together they had two children.
Willi Stoph (9 July 1914 – 13 April 1999) was an East German politician. He served as Prime Minister (Chairman of the Council of Ministers) of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany) from 1964 to 1973, and again from 1976 until 1989.
Sarah Kirsch (16 April 1935 – 5 May 2013) was a German poet.
Friedrich Elchlepp (* July 4, 1924 in Biederitz, Jerichower district, Germany † 2 March 2002 in Germany) was an Oberleutnant zur See in Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine, a lawyer and a Konteradmiral (Rear Admiral) in East Germany's (Volksmarine) (People's Navy).
Wilhelm Zaisser (20 June 1893 – 3 March 1958) was a German communist politician and the first Minister for State Security of the German Democratic Republic (1950–1953).
Christa Wolf (née Ihlenfeld; 18 March 1929, Landsberg an der Warthe – 1 December 2011, Berlin) was a German literary critic, novelist, and essayist. She was one of the best-known writers to emerge from the former East Germany.
Heinz Hoffmann (28 November 1910 – 2 December 1985) was Minister of National Defense in the Council of Ministers of the German Democratic Republic, and since 2 October 1973 Member of the Politburo of the Central Committee of the Socialist Unity Party (SED).
Margot Honecker (née Feist; born 17 April 1927) is a former East German politician, who was a very important member of the political scene in the Socialist Unity Party. From 1963 until 1989, she was Minister of Education ("Volksbildung") of the GDR. She was married to Erich Honecker, the leader of East Germany from 1971 until 1989.
Günter Schabowski (4 January 1929 – 1 November 2015) was an official of the Socialist Unity Party of Germany (SED), the ruling party during most of the existence of the German Democratic Republic. Schabowski gained worldwide fame in November 1989 when he improvised a slightly mistaken answer to a press conference question, raising popular expectations much more rapidly than the government planned so that massive crowds gathered the same night at the Berlin Wall, forcing its opening after 28 years; soon after, the entire inner German border was opened.
Waldemar Verner (August 27, 1914 in Chemnitz, Germany – February 15, 1982) was chief of the People's Navy (Volksmarine) of the National People's Army of the German Democratic Republic and brother of Paul Verner.
Friedrich "Fritz" Ebert, Jr. (12 September 1894 – 4 December 1979) was a German politician and East German communist official, the son of Germany's first President Friedrich Ebert.
Rudolf Bamler (6 May 1896 in Osterburg (Altmark), Province of Saxony - 13 March 1972 in Groß Glienicke) was a German Wehrmacht leader before and during the Second World War. Although Bamler was a member of the Nazi Party he would later serve as a leading member of the East German security forces.
Victor Klemperer (9 October 1881 – 11 February 1960) was a diarist whose journals, published in Germany in 1995, detailed his life under the German Empire, the Weimar Republic, Nazi Germany and the German Democratic Republic. His journals covering the period of the Third Reich have since become standard sources, and have been extensively quoted by Saul Friedländer, Michael Burleigh, Richard J. Evans and Max Hastings.
Ursula Kuczynski (15 May 1907, Schöneberg, Prussia, German Empire – 7 July 2000, Berlin, Germany, also known as Ruth Werner, Ursula Beurton and Ursula Hamburger) was a German author and spy who worked for the Soviet Union.
Erich Fritz Emil Mielke (28 December 1907 – 21 May 2000) was a GDR government official and a longtime head of the GDR Secret Police, the Stasi.
Bruno Beater (5 February 1914 – 9 April 1982) was an East German intelligence officer and politician. He served as First Deputy Minister of State Security in the administrations of Walter Ulbricht and Erich Honecker.
Otto Winzer (3 April 1902 - 3 March 1975) was an East German diplomat who served as East Germany's Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1965 to 1975.