Russian people of World War II

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  1. Konstantin Rokossovsky

    Konstantin Rokossovsky


    Konstantin Konstantinovich (Xaverevich) Rokossovsky (Polish: Konstanty Ksawerowicz Rokossowski, Russian: Константи́н Константи́нович (Ксаве́рьевич) Рокоссо́вский; December 21 [O.S. December 9] 1896 – August 3, 1968) was a Soviet officer of Polish and Belarusian origin who became a Marshal of the Soviet Union, a Marshal of Poland and served as Poland's Defence Minister. He was among the most prominent Red Army commanders of World War II, especially renowned for his planning and executing of Operation Bagration, one of the most decisive Red Army successes of the Second World War.

  2. Marina Raskova

    Marina Raskova


    Marina Mikhailovna Raskova (Russian: Раско́ва Мари́на Миха́йловна; March 28, 1912 – January 4, 1943) was a famous Soviet navigator. She later became one of over 800,000 women in the military service, founding three female air regiments which would eventually fly over 30,000 sorties in World War II.

  3. Anatoli Papanov

    Anatoli Papanov


    Anatoli Dmitrievich Papanov (Russian: Анато́лий Дми́триевич Папа́нов; 31 October 1922 in Vyazma, Smolensk Oblast – 7 August 1987 in Moscow, Soviet Union) was a popular Soviet film and theatre actor.

  4. Roza Shanina

    Roza Shanina


    Roza Georgiyevna Shanina (Russian: Ро́за Гео́ргиевна Ша́нина, 3 April 1924 – 28 January 1945) was a Soviet sniper during World War II, credited with fifty-nine confirmed kills, including twelve soldiers during the Battle of Vilnius. Shanina volunteered for the military after the death of her brother in 1941 and chose to be a marksman on the front line. Praised for her shooting accuracy, Shanina was capable of precisely hitting moving enemy personnel and making doublets (two target hits by two rounds fired in quick succession).

  5. Vasily Zaytsev

    Vasily Zaytsev


    Vasily Grigoryevich Zaytsev (Russian: Васи́лий Григо́рьевич За́йцев; 23 March 1915 – 15 December 1991) was a Soviet sniper and a Hero of the Soviet Union during World War II. Between 10 November and 17 December 1942, during the Battle of Stalingrad, he killed 225 soldiers and officers of the Wehrmacht and other Axis armies, including 11 enemy snipers.

  6. Lydia Litvyak

    Lydia Litvyak


    Lydia Vladimirovna Litvyak (Лидия Владимировна Литвяк, (Moscow, August 18, 1921 – Krasnyi Luch August 1, 1943), also known as Lydia Litviak or Lilya Litviak, was a fighter pilot in the Soviet Air Force during World War II. With at least 12 solo victories and at least four shared kills over a total of 66 combat missions, over about two years of missions, she was the first female fighter pilot to shoot down an enemy plane, the first female fighter pilot to earn the title fighter ace, and the holder of the record for the greatest number of kills by a female fighter pilot. She was shot down near Orel during the Battle of Kursk as she attacked a convoy of German planes.

  7. Kliment Voroshilov

    Kliment Voroshilov


    Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov (Russian:  Климе́нт Ефре́мович Вороши́лов​  Kliment Efremovič Vorošilov, Ukrainian: Климент Охрімович Ворошилов, Klyment Oxrimovyč Vorošylov), popularly known as Klim Voroshilov (Russian: Клим Вороши́лов, Klim Vorošilov) (4 February 1881 – 2 December 1969) was a prominent Soviet military officer and politician during the Stalin era.

  8. Georgy Zhukov

    Georgy Zhukov


    Georgy Konstantinovich Zhukov (Russian: Гео́ргий Константи́нович Жу́ков; 1 December [O.S. 19 November] 1896 – 18 June 1974), was a Soviet career officer in the Red Army who, in the course of World War II, played the most pivotal role in leading the Red Army drive through much of Eastern Europe to liberate the Soviet Union and other nations from the occupation of the Axis Powers and, ultimately, to conquer Berlin. He is the most decorated general officer in the history of the Soviet Union and Russia.

  9. Alexey Maresyev

    Alexey Maresyev


    Alexey Petrovich Maresyev (Russian: Алексе́й Петро́вич Маре́сьев; May 20, 1916 – May 19, 2001) was a Soviet fighter ace during World War II.

  10. Tanya Savicheva

    Tanya Savicheva


    Tatyana Nikolayevna Savicheva (Russian: Татья́на Никола́евна Са́вичева), commonly referred to as Tanya Savicheva (January 23, 1930 – July 1, 1944) was a Russian child diarist who endured the Siege of Leningrad during World War II.

  11. Vyacheslav Molotov

    Vyacheslav Molotov


    Vyacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov (/ˈmɒləˌtɔːfˌ-ˌtɒf, ˈmlə-ˌˈmɔː-/; Russian: Вячесла́в Миха́йлович Мо́лотов 9 March [O.S. 25 February] 1890 – 8 November 1986) was a Soviet politician and diplomat, an Old Bolshevik, and a leading figure in the Soviet government from the 1920s, when he rose to power as a protégé of Joseph Stalin. Molotov served as Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars (Premier) from 1930 to 1941, and as Minister of Foreign Affairs from 1939 to 1949 and from 1953 to 1956. He served as First Deputy Premier from 1942 to 1957, when he was dismissed from the Presidium of the Central Committee by Nikita Khrushchev. He retired in 1961 after several years of obscurity.

  12. Lidia Ruslanova

    Lidia Ruslanova


    Lidia Andreyevna Ruslanova (sometimes spelt Lidiya or Lydia, Russian: Лидия Андреевна Русланова; 27 October 1900, Saratov Governorate – 21 September 1973, Moscow) was one of the greatest and best-loved performers of Russian folk songs.

  13. Klavdiya Shulzhenko

    Klavdiya Shulzhenko


    Klavdiya Ivanovna Shulzhenko (Russian: Кла́вдия Ива́новна Шульже́нко; March 24 [O.S. March 12] 1906, Kharkiv – June 17, 1984, Moscow) was a popular female singer from the Soviet Union.

  14. Yekaterina Budanova

    Yekaterina Budanova


    Yekaterina Vasylievna Budanova (Cyrillic: Екатерина Васильевна Буданова), also known as Katya Budanova (Катя Буданова), (6 December 1916 – 19 July 1943), was a fighter pilot in the Soviet Air Force during World War II. With 11 air victories, along with Lydia Litvyak, she was one of the world's two female fighter aces. She was shot down by either Luftwaffe ace Georg Schwientek of JG 52 or ace Emil Bitsch, of JG 3.

  15. Yakov Pavlov

    Yakov Pavlov


    Yakov Fedotovich Pavlov (Russian: Я́ков Федо́тович Па́влов; 4 October 1917 – 29 September 1981) was a Soviet Red Army soldier who became a Hero of the Soviet Union for his role in defending "Pavlov's House" during the Battle of Stalingrad.

  16. Alexander Pokryshkin

    Alexander Pokryshkin


    Alexander Ivanovich Pokryshkin (Russian: Алекса́ндр Ива́нович Покры́шкин) (6 March 1913 – 13 November 1985) was a top Soviet flying ace and a Marshal of the Soviet Air Force. He was made a Hero of the Soviet Union on three separate occasions (24 May 1943, 24 August 1943, and 19 August 1944).

  17. Dmitry Nikolaevich Medvedev

    Dmitry Nikolaevich Medvedev


    Dmitry Nikolaevich Medvedev (Russian: Дмитрий Николаевич Медведев) (August 22, 1898 - December 14, 1954) was one of the leaders of the Soviet partisan movement in western Russia and Ukraine.

  18. Vasily Chuikov

    Vasily Chuikov


    Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov (Russian: Васи́лий Ива́нович Чуйко́в; 12 February 1900 – 18 March 1982) was a Soviet lieutenant general in the Red Army during World War II, commander of the 62nd Army during the Battle of Stalingrad, twice Hero of the Soviet Union (1944, 1945), and after the war a Marshal of the Soviet Union.

  19. Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya

    Zoya Kosmodemyanskaya


    Zoya Anatolyevna Kosmodemyanskaya (alternatively Romanised as Kosmodem'yanskaya; Russian: Зо́я Анато́льевна Космодемья́нская; September 13, 1923 – November 29, 1941) was a Soviet partisan, and a Hero of the Soviet Union (awarded posthumously). She was one of the most revered heroines of the Soviet Union.

  20. Arkadi Gajdar

    Arkadi Gajdar


    Arkady Petrovich Golikov (Russian: Арка́дий Петро́вич Го́ликов; (22 January [O.S. 9 January] 1904 – 26 October 1941), better known as Arkady Gaidar (Арка́дий Гайда́р), was a Soviet writer, whose stories were very popular among Soviet children.

  21. Rodion Malinovsky

    Rodion Malinovsky


    Rodion Yakovlevich Malinovsky (Russian: Родио́н Я́ковлевич Малино́вский; 23 November 1898 – 31 March 1967) was a Soviet military commander in World War II and Defense Minister of the Soviet Union in the late 1950s and 1960s. He contributed to the major defeat of Germany at the Battle of Stalingrad and the Battle of Budapest. During the post-war era, he made a pivotal contribution to the strengthening of the Soviet Union as a military superpower.

  22. Anton Denikin

    Anton Denikin


    Anton Ivanovich Denikin (Russian: Анто́н Ива́нович Дени́кин; December 16 [O.S. December 4] 1872 – August 8, 1947) was a Lieutenant General of the Imperial Russian Army (1916) and afterwards a leading general of the White movement in the Russian Civil War.

  23. Mikhail Kalinin

    Mikhail Kalinin


    Mikhail Ivanovich Kalinin (Russian: Михаи́л Ива́нович Кали́нин; 19 November [O.S. 7 November] 1875 – June 3, 1946), known familiarly by Soviet citizens as "Kalinych", was a Bolshevik revolutionary and Stalinist functionary, who served as the nominal head of state of Russia and later of the Soviet Union, from 1919 to 1946, but effectively subordinate to Joseph Stalin as the de facto dictator. From 1926 he was a member of the Politburo of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, where he was one of the inner circle of party leaders around Soviet leader Joseph Stalin.

  24. Ivan Konev

    Ivan Konev


    Ivan Stepanovich Konev (Russian: Ива́н Степа́нович Ко́нев; 28 December [O.S. 16 December] 1897 – 21 May 1973), was a Soviet military commander, who led Red Army forces on the Eastern Front during World War II, retook much of Eastern Europe from occupation by the Axis Powers, and helped in the capture of Germany's capital, Berlin.

  25. Nikolai Fyodorovich Vatutin

    Nikolai Fyodorovich Vatutin


    Nikolai Fyodorovich Vatutin (Russian: Никола́й Фёдорович Вату́тин; 16 December 1901 – 15 April 1944) was a Soviet military commander during World War II. Vatutin was responsible for many Red Army operations in Ukraine as commander of the Southwestern front, the Voronezh front during the Battle of Kursk and the 1st Ukrainian front during the liberation of Kiev. He was ambushed and killed in February 1944 by the Ukrainian Insurgent Army.

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