Republican heads of state of France

Posted May 14, 2012 by Kiwigirl15
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  1. Nicolas Sarkozy
    #1

    Nicolas Sarkozy

    17,284 views

    Nicolas Sarkozy (born Nicolas Paul Stéphane Sarközy de Nagy-Bocsa; 28 January 1955) is a French politician who served as the President of France and Co-prince of Andorra from 16 May 2007 until 15 May 2012.


  2. Jacques Chirac
    #2

    Jacques Chirac

    1,682 views

    Jacques René Chirac (/ʒɑːk ʃɨˈræk/; born 29 November 1932) is a French politician, who served as the President of France from 1995 to 2007. He served as Prime Minister of France from 1974 to 1976 and from 1986 to 1988, and as Mayor of Paris from 1977 to 1995.


  3. Charles de Gaulle
    #3

    Charles de Gaulle

    1,222 views

    Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general, resistant, writer and statesman. He was the leader of Free France (1940–44) and the head of the Provisional Government of the French Republic (1944–46). In 1958, he founded the Fifth Republic and was elected as the 18th President of France, until his resignation in 1969. He was the dominant figure of France during the Cold War era and his memory continues to influence French politics.


  4. François Hollande
    #4

    François Hollande

    1,609 views

    François Gérard Georges Nicolas Hollande (born 12 August 1954) is a French politician. He is the current President of France, as well as Co-prince of Andorra, since 2012.


  5. Napoléon Bonaparte
    #5

    Napoléon Bonaparte

    633 views

    Napoléon Bonaparte (/nəˈpliən, -ˈpljən/; born Napoleone di Buonaparte; 15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the Revolutionary Wars. As Napoleon I, he was Emperor of the French from 1804 until 1814, and again in 1815. Napoleon dominated European affairs for over a decade while leading France against a series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars. He won most of these wars and the vast majority of his battles, rapidly gaining control of continental Europe before his ultimate defeat in 1815. One of the greatest commanders in history, his campaigns are studied at military schools worldwide and he remains one of the most celebrated and controversial political figures in Western history. In civil affairs, Napoleon had a major long-term impact by bringing liberal reforms to the territories that he conquered, especially the Low Countries, Switzerland, and large parts of modern Italy and Germany. He implemented fundamental liberal policies in France and throughout Western Europe. His lasting legal achievement, the Napoleonic Code, has been adopted in various forms by a quarter of the world's legal systems, from Japan to Quebec.


  6. Valéry Giscard d'Estaing
    #6

    Valéry Giscard d'Estaing

    504 views

    Valéry Marie René Georges Giscard d'Estaing (born 2 February 1926), also known as Giscard or VGE, is a French centrist politician who served as President of the French Republic from 1974 until 1981 and who is now a member of the Constitutional Council of France.


  7. François Mitterrand
    #7

    François Mitterrand

    505 views

    François Maurice Adrien Marie Mitterrand (26 October 1916 – 8 January 1996) was a French statesman, who served as the President of France from 1981 until 1995. He is the longest-serving President of France and, as leader of the Socialist Party, the first figure from the left elected President under the Fifth Republic.


  8. Napoleon III
    #8

    Napoleon III

    295 views

    Louis-Napoléon Bonaparte (20 April 1808 – 9 January 1873) was the only President (1848–52) of the French Second Republic and, as Napoleon III, the Emperor (1852–70) of the Second French Empire. He was the nephew and heir of Napoleon I. He was the first President of France to be elected by a direct popular vote. When he was blocked by the Constitution and Parliament from running for a second term, he organized a coup d'état in 1851, and then took the throne as Napoleon III on 2 December 1852, the forty-eighth anniversary of Napoleon I's coronation. He remains the longest-serving French head of state since the French Revolution.


  9. Raymond Poincaré
    #9

    Raymond Poincaré

    55 views

    Raymond Poincaré (20 August 1860 – 15 October 1934) was a French statesman who served three times as Prime Minister of France, and as President of France from 1913 to 1920. He was a conservative leader, primarily committed to political and social stability.


  10. Philippe Pétain
    #10

    Philippe Pétain

    50 views

    Henri Philippe Benoni Omer Joseph Pétain (24 April 1856 – 23 July 1951), generally known as Philippe Pétain Marshal Pétain (Maréchal Pétain) or The Lion of Verdun, was a French general who reached the distinction of Marshal of France, and was later Chief of State of Vichy France (Chef de l'État Français), from 1940 to 1944. Pétain, who was 84 years old in 1940, ranks as France's oldest head of state.


  11. Adolphe Thiers
    #11

    Adolphe Thiers

    43 views

    Marie Joseph Louis Adolphe Thiers (15 April 1797 – 3 September 1877) was a French politician and historian of the French Revolution. He wrote a multi-volume history that argued that the republicanism of the Revolution was the central theme of modern French history.


  12. Georges Pompidou
    #12

    Georges Pompidou

    35 views

    Georges Jean Raymond Pompidou (5 July 1911 – 2 April 1974) was Prime Minister of France from 1962 to 1968 - the longest tenure in the position's history - and later President of the French Republic from 1969 until his death in 1974. He had long been a top aide to president Charles de Gaulle. As president, he was a moderate conservative who repaired France's relationship with the United States, and maintained positive relations with the newly-independent former colonies in Africa.


  13. Albert François Lebrun
    #13

    Albert François Lebrun

    31 views

    Albert François Lebrun (29 August 1871 – 6 March 1950) was a French politician, President of France from 1932 to 1940. He was the last president of the Third Republic. He was a member of the center-right Democratic Republican Alliance (ARD).


  14. Leon Blum
    #14

    Leon Blum

    24 views

    André Léon Blum [ɑ̃dʁe leɔ̃ blum] (BLOOM) (9 April 1872 – 30 March 1950) was a French politician, identified with the moderate left, and three times Prime Minister of France.


  15. Jacques-Charles Dupont de l'Eure
    #15

    Jacques-Charles Dupont de l'Eure

    19 views

    Jacques-Charles Dupont de l'Eure (27 February 1767 – 3 March 1855) was a French lawyer and statesman.


  16. Marie François Sadi Carnot
    #16

    Marie François Sadi Carnot

    17 views

    Marie François Sadi Carnot (11 August 1837 – 25 June 1894) was a French statesman and the fifth president of the Third Republic. He served as the President of France from 1887 until his assassination in 1894.


  17. Rene Coty
    #17

    Rene Coty

    20 views

    René Jules Gustave Coty (20 March 1882 – 22 November 1962) was President of France from 1954 to 1959. He was the second and last president of the Fourth French Republic.


  18. Félix Gouin
    #18

    Félix Gouin

    15 views

    Félix Gouin (1884–1977) was a French Socialist politician who was a member of the French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO).


  19. Patrice de Mac-Mahon, Duke of Magenta
    #19

    Patrice de Mac-Mahon, Duke of Magenta

    8 views

    Marshal Marie Esme Patrice Maurice de MacMahon, 1st Duke of Magenta (13 June 1808 – 17 October 1893), was a French general and politician with the distinction Marshal of France. He served as Chief of State of France from 1873 to 1875 and as the second president of the Third Republic, from 1875 to 1879. He won national renown and the presidency on the basis of his military actions in the war against the Germans. MacMahon was a devout conservative Catholic, a traditionalist who despised socialism and strongly distrusted the secular Republicans. He took very seriously his duty as the neutral guardian of the Constitution and rejected suggestions of a monarchist coup d'état. He also refused to meet with Gambetta, the leader of the Republicans. He moved for a parliamentary system in which the assembly selected the ruling government of the Third Republic, but he also insisted on an upper chamber. He later dissolved the Chamber of Deputies, resulting in public outrage and Republican electoral victory. MacMahon soon resigned and retired to private life.


  20. Félix Faure
    #20

    Félix Faure

    7 views

    Félix François Faure (30 January 1841 – 16 February 1899) was President of France from 1895 until his death in 1899.


  21. Jules Armand Dufaure
    #21

    Jules Armand Dufaure

    6 views

    Jules Armand Stanislas Dufaure (4 December 1798 – 28 June 1881) was a French statesman.


  22. Alain Poher
    #22

    Alain Poher

    6 views

    Alain Émile Louis Marie Poher (17 April 1909 – 9 December 1996) was a French centrist politician, affiliated first with the Popular Republican Movement and later with the Democratic Centre. He served as a Senator for Val-de-Marne from 1946 to 1995. He was President of the Senate from 3 October 1968 to 1 October 1992 and, in that capacity, served twice as the country's interim president. A leading candidate in the 1969 presidential election, he was defeated by Georges Pompidou in the second round.


  23. Frédéric François-Marsal
    #23

    Frédéric François-Marsal

    6 views

    Frédéric François-Marsal (1874–1958) was a French Politician of the Third Republic, who served briefly as Prime Minister in 1924. Due to his premiership he also served for two days (11–13 June 1924) as the Acting President of the French Republic between resignation of Alexandre Millerand and election of Gaston Doumergue.


  24. Alexandre Millerand
    #24

    Alexandre Millerand

    6 views

    Alexandre Millerand (1859–1943) was a French politician. He was Prime Minister of France 20 January to 23 September 1920 and President of France from 23 September 1920 to 11 June 1924. His participation in Waldeck-Rousseau's cabinet at the start of the 20th century, alongside the Marquis de Galliffet who had directed the repression of the 1871 Paris Commune, sparked a debate in the French Section of the Workers' International (SFIO) and in the Second International about the participation of socialists in "bourgeois governments".


  25. Jules Grévy
    #25

    Jules Grévy

    6 views

    François Paul Jules Grévy (15 August 1807 – 9 September 1891) was a President of the French Third Republic and one of the leaders of the Opportunist Republicans faction. Given that his predecessors were monarchists who tried without success to restore the French monarchy, Grévy is seen as the first real republican President of France.


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