Presidents of Brazil

Posted May 30, 2011
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  1. Dilma Rousseff

    Dilma Rousseff


    Dilma Vana Rousseff (born 14 December 1947) is a Brazilian economist and politician currently serving as the 36th President of Brazil. She is the first woman to hold the office. She was previously the Chief of Staff of the President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva from 2005 to 2010.

  2. Fernando Collor de Mello

    Fernando Collor de Mello


    Fernando Affonso Collor de Mello (born August 12, 1949) was the 32nd President of Brazil from 1990 to 1992, when he resigned in a failed attempt to stop his trial of impeachment by the Brazilian Senate. Collor was the first President directly elected by the people after the end of the Brazilian military government. He is also the youngest President in Brazilian history, taking office at the age of 40.

  3. Getúlio Vargas

    Getúlio Vargas


    Getúlio Dornelles Vargas (19 April 1882 – 24 August 1954) served as President of Brazil, first as dictator, from 1930 to 1945, and in a democratically elected term from 1951 until his suicide in 1954. Vargas led Brazil for 18 years, the longest of any President, and second in Brazilian history only to Emperor Pedro II among heads of state. He favored nationalism, industrialization, centralization, social welfare and populism – for the latter, Vargas won the nickname "The Father of the Poor". He was a proponent of workers' rights as well as a staunch anti-communist.

  4. Itamar Franco

    Itamar Franco


    Itamar Augusto Cautiero Franco (28 June 1930 – 2 July 2011) was a Brazilian politician who served as President of Brazil from December 29, 1992, to January 1, 1995. Prior to this he was Vice President of Brazil from 1990 until the impeachment of President Fernando Collor de Mello. During his long political career, Franco also served as Senator, Mayor, Ambassador, and Governor. At the time of his death he was a Senator for Minas Gerais, having won the seat in the 2010 election.

  5. Fernando Henrique Cardoso

    Fernando Henrique Cardoso


    Fernando Henrique Cardoso (born 18 June 1931), also known by his initials FHC is a Brazilian sociologist, professor and politician who served as President of Brazil from 1 January 1995 to 1 January 2003. He is the first President to have been reelected for a subsequent term. An accomplished scholar, Cardoso was awarded in 2000 with the prestigious Prince of Asturias Award for International Cooperation.

  6. Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira

    Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira


    Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira (September 12, 1902 – August 22, 1976), known also by his initials JK, was a prominent Brazilian politician who was President of Brazil from 1956 to 1961. His term was marked by economic prosperity and political stability, being most known for the construction of a new capital, Brasília.

  7. João Goulart

    João Goulart


    João Belchior Marques Goulart (or in the standard Fluminense dialect; March 1, 1918 – December 6, 1976) was a Brazilian politician and the 24th President of Brazil until a military coup d'état deposed him on April 1, 1964. He is considered to have been the last left-wing President of the country until Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva took office in 2003.

  8. Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco

    Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco


    Marshal Humberto de Alencar Castelo Branco (20 September 1897 – 18 July 1967) was a Brazilian military leader and politician.

  9. Prudente de Morais

    Prudente de Morais


    Prudente José de Morais Barros (4 October 1841 – 3 December 1902) was the third President of Brazil. He is notable as the first civilian president of the country, the first to be elected by direct popular ballot under the permanent provisions of Brazil's 1891 Constitution, and the first to serve his term in its entirety. His presidency, which lasted from 15 November 1894 until 15 November 1898, was marked by the War of Canudos, a campesinant revolt in the northeast of the country that was crushed by the Brazilian Army. He also had to face a break in diplomatic relations with Portugal that was successfully mediated by Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom.

  10. Tancredo Neves

    Tancredo Neves


    Tancredo de Almeida Neves (March 4, 1910 – April 21, 1985) was a Brazilian politician, lawyer, and entrepreneur. He served as Minister of Justice and Interior Minister from 1953 to 1954, Prime Minister from 1961 to 1962, Finance Minister in 1962, and as Minas Gerais' State Governor from 1983 to 1984. He was elected as President of Brazil in 1985, but died before he took office.

  11. João Figueiredo

    João Figueiredo


    João Baptista de Oliveira Figueiredo (January 15, 1918 – December 24, 1999) was a Brazilian military leader and politician who served as 30th President of Brazil, the last of the military regime that ruled the country following the 1964 coup d'état. He was chief of the Secret Service (SNI) during the term of his predecessor, Ernesto Geisel, who appointed him to the presidency at the end of his own mandate. He took the oath of office on March 15, 1979, serving until March 15, 1985. He continued the process of redemocratization that Geisel had started and sanctioned a law decreeing amnesty for all political crimes committed during the regime. His term was marked by a severe economic crisis and growing dissatisfaction with the military rule, culminating in the Diretas Já protests of 1984, which clamored for direct elections for the Presidency, the last of which had taken place 24 years prior. Figueiredo opposed this and in 1984 Congress rejected the immediate return of direct elections, in favor of an indirect election by Congress, which was, nonetheless won by the opposition candidate Tancredo Neves. Figueiredo retired after the end of his term and died in 1999.

  12. José Sarney

    José Sarney


    José Sarney de Araújo Costa (born 24 April 1930) is a Brazilian politician, lawyer, and writer who was President of Brazil from 15 March 1985 to 15 March 1990. He is the oldest living former President, and, as of the death of João Figueiredo in 1999, the only living former President not to have been elected by direct vote.

  13. Lula



    Luíz Inácio da Silva (born 27 October 1945), known as Lula is a Brazilian politician who served as the President of Brazil from 1 January 2003 to 1 January 2011. He is a founding member of the Workers' Party (PT – Partido dos Trabalhadores) and ran for president three times unsuccessfully, first in the 1989 election, then again in 1994 and 1998. Lula achieved victory in the 2002 election, and was inaugurated as president on 1 January 2003. In the 2006 election he was elected for a second term as president, which ended on 1 January 2011. Succeeded by his former Chief of Staff, Dilma Rousseff, he left a enduring mark on Brazilian politics in the form of Lulism.

  14. Ernesto Geisel

    Ernesto Geisel


    Ernesto Beckmann Geisel 3 August 1907 – 12 September 1996) was a Brazilian military leader and politician, who was President of Brazil from 1974 to 1979, during the Brazilian military government.

  15. Jânio Quadros

    Jânio Quadros


    Jânio da Silva Quadros (January 25, 1917 – February 16, 1992) was a Brazilian politician who served as President of Brazil from 31 January to 25 August 1961, when he resigned from office.

  16. Márcio Melo

    Márcio Melo


    Márcio de Sousa e Melo (May 26, 1906, Florianópolis - January 31, 1991) was a general with the Brazilian air force. Melo was one of the military in the joint military board that ruled Brazil between the illness of Artur da Costa e Silva in August 1969 and the investiture ceremony of Emílio Garrastazú Médici in October of that same year.

  17. Emílio Garrastazu Médici

    Emílio Garrastazu Médici


    Emílio Garrastazu Médici, (December 4, 1905 —October 9, 1985) was a Brazilian military leader and politician. His characteristically authoritarian rule from 1969 to 1974 marked the apex of the military dictatorship in Brazil.

  18. Augusto Hamann Rademaker Grünewald

    Augusto Hamann Rademaker Grünewald


    Augusto Hamann Rademaker Grünewald (11May 1905 – 13 September 1985) was an admiral in the Brazilian navy. Rademaker was one of the military in the Military Junta (August 30, 1969 - October 30, 1969) that ruled Brazil between the illness of Artur da Costa e Silva in August 1969 and the investiture ceremony of Emílio Garrastazú Médici in October of that same year, elected by fellow officer generals and confirmed by the Congress. In the same occasions Rademaker was picked and "elected" as vice-president for the same term as Medici's (1969–1974). He was of German and Danish descent.

  19. Pascoal Ranieri Mazzilli

    Pascoal Ranieri Mazzilli


    Pascoal Ranieri Mazzilli (April 27, 1910 – April 21, 1975) was a Brazilian politician who was appointed as caretaker President of Brazil for two short terms, in 1961 and 1964.

  20. Venceslau Brás

    Venceslau Brás


    Venceslau Brás Pereira Gomes (26 February 1868 – 15 May 1966) was a Brazilian politician. Brás was born in Brasópolis (formerly São Caetano da Vargem Grande), Minas Gerais State. He became governor of that state in 1909, and in 1910 he was elected vice-president under Hermes Rodrigues da Fonseca. He was elected president in 1914 and served until 1918. His government declared war on the Central Powers in October 1917 during World War I. He was the longest-lived Brazilian president, reaching 98 years of age.

  21. Nilo Peçanha

    Nilo Peçanha


    Nilo Procópio Peçanha (2 October 1867 – 31 March 1924) was a Brazilian politician. He was Governor of Rio de Janeiro State (1903–1906), then elected Vice-President of Brazil in 1906. He assumed the presidency in 1909 following the death of President Afonso Pena and served until 1910. He was disputably the only mulatto president of Brazil.

  22. Deodoro da Fonseca

    Deodoro da Fonseca


    Manuel Deodoro da Fonseca (5 August 1827 – 23 August 1892) was a Brazilian politician and military officer who served as the first President of Brazil. He took office after heading a military coup that deposed Emperor Pedro II and proclaimed the Republic in 1889, disestablishing the Empire, and stepped down little more than two years after his election in 1891, under great political pressure. He is therefore the first Brazilian President to have resigned from office.

  23. Epitácio Pessoa

    Epitácio Pessoa


    Epitácio Lindolfo da Silva Pessoa (23 May 1865 – 13 February 1942) was a Brazilian politician and jurist, and president of the republic between 1919 and 1922, when Rodrigues Alves could not take office due to illness after being elected in 1918. His period of government was marked by military revolts that would culminate in the Revolution of 1930, which brought Getúlio Vargas into control of the federal government.

  24. Campos Sales

    Campos Sales


    Dr. Manuel Ferraz de Campos Sales (15 February 1841 – 28 June 1913) was a Brazilian lawyer, coffee farmer and politician. He served as a provincial deputy three times, general-deputy once, and also as minister of justice (1889-1891), senator and governor of São Paulo (1896–1897). The pinnacle of his political career was his election as president of Brazil, an office he held between 1898 and 1902. Austere financial reforms were adopted during his tenure.

  25. Artur da Costa e Silva

    Artur da Costa e Silva


    Artur da Costa e Silva (October 3, 1899 – December 17, 1969) was a Brazilian Army General, the second President of Brazil during the military regime set up by the 1964 coup d'état. He was married to Iolanda Barbosa Costa e Silva, the daughter of a soldier. Born in the interior of Rio Grande do Sul, he reached the rank of Marshal of the Brazilian Army, and held the post of Minister of War in the government of the previous president, Marshal Castelo Branco.

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