Allison Pamela Roe, MBE (née Deed; born 30 May 1956 in Auckland) is a former long-distance athlete from New Zealand. In 1981, she won both the Boston Marathon and New York City Marathon. In Boston, she ran 2:26:46 to improve the course record by almost eight minutes, set the previous year by Jacqueline Gareau. In New York, she set an apparent world record with 2:25:29, to break Grete Waitz's time of 2:25:42 from the 1980 New York Marathon. However, after re-measurement, the 1981 course was found to be 150 metres short, though Waitz's 1980 record is also disputed. Also in 1981, she set a 20 km world record in Miyazaki, Japan.