Joseph Stalin

Posted May 4, 2011
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  1. Joseph Stalin

    Joseph Stalin


    Joseph Stalin (/ˈstɑːlɪn/; birth surname: Jughashvili; 18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was the leader of the Soviet Union from the mid-1920s until his death in 1953. Holding the post of the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, he was effectively the dictator of the state.

  2. Ekaterina Svanidze

    Ekaterina Svanidze


    Ketevan "Kato" Svanidze (Georgian: ეკატერინა სვიმონის ასული სვანიძე, Ketevan Svimonis asuli Svanidze; Russian: Екатери́на Семёновна Свани́дзе, Yekaterina Semyonovna Svanidze; 2 April 1880 – 5 December 1907) was the first wife of Joseph Stalin and the mother of his eldest son, Iakob.

  3. Nadezhda Alliluyeva

    Nadezhda Alliluyeva


    Nadezhda Sergeevna Alliluyeva (Russian: Наде́жда Серге́евна Аллилу́ева; 9 September 1901 – 9 November 1932) was the second wife of Joseph Stalin.

  4. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

    Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn


    Aleksandr Isayevich Solzhenitsyn (/ˌslʒəˈntsɪn, ˌsɔːl-/; Russian: Алекса́ндр Иса́евич Солжени́цын, 11 December 1918 – 3 August 2008) (often Romanized to Alexandr or Alexander) was a Russian novelist, historian, and outspoken critic of the Soviet Union, especially its totalitarianism, who helped to raise global awareness of its gulag forced labor camp system. He was allowed to publish only one work in the Soviet Union, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich (1962), in the periodical Novij Mir. After this he had to publish in the West, most notably Cancer Ward (1968), August 1914 (1971), and The Gulag Archipelago (1973). Solzhenitsyn was awarded the 1970 Nobel Prize in Literature "for the ethical force with which he has pursued the indispensable traditions of Russian literature". Afraid to go to Stockholm to receive his award for fear that he wouldn't be allowed to reenter, he was expelled from the Soviet Union in 1974, but returned to Russia in 1994 after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

  5. Yakov Dzhugashvili

    Yakov Dzhugashvili


    Yakov Iosifovich Dzhugashvili (Georgian: იაკობ იოსების ძე ჯუღაშვილი, Iakob Iosebis dze Jugashvili, Russian: Я́ков Ио́сифович Джугашви́ли) (18 March 1907 – 14 April 1943) was the eldest of Joseph Stalin's three children, the son of Stalin's first wife, Kato Svanidze. His younger half-siblings were Svetlana Alliluyeva and Vasily Dzhugashvili. He served in the Red Army during the Second World War, and was captured, or surrendered, in the initial stages of the German invasion of the Soviet Union. While there has been dispute over the circumstances of his death, historians currently believe that he died in Sachsenhausen concentration camp.

  6. Svetlana Alliluyeva

    Svetlana Alliluyeva


    Svetlana Iosifovna Alliluyeva (Russian: Светла́на Ио́сифовна Аллилу́ева, Georgian: სვეტლანა ალილუევა; 28 February 1926 – 22 November 2011), later known as Lana Peters (Georgian: ლანა პეტერსი), was the youngest child and only daughter of Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin and Nadezhda Alliluyeva, Stalin's second wife. In 1967, she caused an international furor when she defected and became a naturalized citizen of the United States until 1984 when she returned to the Soviet Union and had her Soviet citizenship returned. She later went back to the United States and also spent time in the United Kingdom. At the time of her death she was the last surviving child of Stalin.

  7. Andrei Sakharov

    Andrei Sakharov


    Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov (Russian: Андре́й Дми́триевич Са́харов; 21 May 1921 – 14 December 1989) was a Russian nuclear physicist, Soviet dissident and human rights activist.

  8. Konstantin Kuzakov

    Konstantin Kuzakov


    Konstantin Stepanovich Kuzakov (1911-1996) (Russian: Константин Степанович Кузаков) was possibly the illegitimate second child of Joseph Stalin. Konstantin's mother was Maria Kuzakova, who was Stalin's landlady during his 1911 exile in Solvychegodsk, with whom he had an affair. His mother was still pregnant when Stalin left his exile.

  9. Vladimir Bukovsky

    Vladimir Bukovsky


    Vladimir Konstantinovich Bukovsky (Russian: Влади́мир Константи́нович Буко́вский; born 30 December 1942 in Belebey, Bashkir ASSR) was prominent in the Soviet dissident movement of the 1960s and 1970s and has remained in active opposition to the Soviet regime and its successors in Russia since being expelled from the country in late 1976. A writer, neurophysiologist, and activist, he is celebrated for his part in the campaign to expose and halt the political abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union.

  10. Vasily Dzhugashvili

    Vasily Dzhugashvili


    Vasily Iosifovich Stalin (Russian: Васи́лий Ио́сифович Ста́лин; March 21, 1921 – March 19, 1962), born Vasily Iosifovich Dzhugashvili (Russian: Васи́лий Ио́сифович Джугашви́ли), was the son of Joseph Stalin by his second wife, Nadezhda Alliluyeva.

  11. Ketevan Geladze

    Ketevan Geladze


    Ekaterine "Keke" Geladze (Georgian: ეკატერინე "კეკე" გელაძე; February 5, 1858 – June 4, 1937) was the mother of Joseph Stalin. She was born to a family of Georgian Orthodox Christian serfs in Gambareuli, Imperial Russia (now in Georgia), in 1858. Her father, Glakh Geladze, was a potter belonging to Prince Amilakhvari. He died young and the family was always poor, but somehow her mother Melania (née Homezurashvili) ensured that Keke learned to read and write.

  12. Yevgeny Dzhugashvili

    Yevgeny Dzhugashvili


    Yevgeny Yakovlevich Dzhugashvili (Russian: Евге́ний Я́ковлевич Джугашви́ли) (born 10 January 1936) is a retired polkovnik (colonel) of the Soviet/Russian Air Force and the son of Yakov Dzhugashvili, who was a son of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin. He has gained note as a defender of his grandfather's reputation, and in the 1999 elections of the Russian State Duma, he was one of the faces of the Stalin Bloc – For the USSR, a league of communist parties. He currently resides in his ancestral homeland Georgia.

  13. Besarion Jughashvili

    Besarion Jughashvili


    Besarion Vanovis Jughashvili (Georgian: ბესარიონ ჯუღაშვილი; Russian: Виссарион Иванович Джугашвили) (1849 or 1850 – 25 August 1909) was Joseph Stalin's father. He often went by the nickname "Beso". He was a cobbler by trade, though later in life he slid into alcoholism and became a vagrant. His wife and Stalin's mother was Ketevan Geladze.

  14. Galina Dzhugashvili

    Galina Dzhugashvili


    Galina Yakovlevna "Galya" Dzhugashvili (Russian: Галина Яковлевна Джугашвили) (19 February 1938 – 27 August 2007) was a Russian translator of French. She was the granddaughter of Joseph Stalin, the daughter of Stalin's eldest son, Yakov Dzhugashvili. She consistently challenged widely accepted accounts of her father's internment and death at a Nazi prison camp.

  15. Hava Volovich

    Hava Volovich


    Hava Vladimirovna Volovich (Russian: Хава Владимировна Волович;1916–2000), was a Russian writer, actress, director and a Gulag survivor. Hava Volovich is known for her Memoirs, that are extremely valuable both historically and literary. Her notes from the prison-camp are being compared to Shalamov's stories and The Diary of a Young Girl by Anna Frank. Volovich narrates, with heartbreaking honesty, the story of her child born in the camp. Against everything that has been written about the selfishness, the venality of the women who bore children in the camps, stands the story of Hava Volovich. An American journalist and author who has written about communism Anne Applebaum wrote about Hava Volovich in her Antologi "Gulag Voises" - Even in this extraordinary collections of essays, some by famous writeres, Volovich story stand out: she, like Elena Glinka, was not afraid to touch an taboo subjects

  16. Joseph Stalin in the Russian Revolution, Russian Civil War, and Polish-Soviet War

    Joseph Stalin in the Russian Revolution, Russian Civil War, and Polish-Soviet War


    Joseph Stalin was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committee from 1922 until his death in 1953. In the years following Lenin's death in 1924, he rose to become the authoritarian leader of the Soviet Union.

  17. William Wesley Peters

    William Wesley Peters


    William Wesley Peters (June 12, 1912 – July 17, 1991) was a noted architect and engineer, apprentice to and protégé of Frank Lloyd Wright.

  18. Rise of Joseph Stalin

    Rise of Joseph Stalin


    Joseph Stalin was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's Central Committee from 1923 until his death in 1953. In the years following Lenin's death in 1924, he rose to become the leader of the Soviet Union.

  19. Artem Sergeev

    Artem Sergeev

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    Artem Fyodorovich Sergeev (Russian:Артём Фёдорович Сергеев March 5, 1921, Moscow - January 15, 2008, Moscow) was the adopted son of Joseph Stalin who became a Soviet Major General.

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