French Nobel laureates

Posted May 7, 2011
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  1. Jean-Paul Sartre
    #1

    Jean-Paul Sartre

    823 views

    Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (/ˈsɑːrtrə/; 21 June 1905 – 15 April 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, political activist, biographer, and literary critic. He was one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology, and one of the leading figures in 20th-century French philosophy and Marxism.


  2. Albert Camus
    #2

    Albert Camus

    550 views

    Albert Camus (7 November 1913 – 4 January 1960) was a French philosopher, author, and journalist. His views contributed to the rise of the philosophy known as absurdism. He wrote in his essay The Rebel that his whole life was devoted to opposing the philosophy of nihilism while still delving deeply into individual freedom. He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1957.


  3. Marie Curie
    #3

    Marie Curie

    369 views

    Marie Skłodowska Curie (/ˈkjʊri, kjʊˈr/; 7 November 1867 – 4 July 1934), born Maria Salomea Skłodowska was a Polish and naturalized-French physicist and chemist who conducted pioneering research on radioactivity. She was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, the first person and only woman to win twice, the only person to win twice in multiple sciences, and was part of the Curie family legacy of five Nobel Prizes. She was also the first woman to become a professor at the University of Paris, and in 1995 became the first woman to be entombed on her own merits in the Panthéon in Paris.


  4. Albert Schweitzer
    #4

    Albert Schweitzer

    368 views

    Albert Schweitzer (14 January 1875 – 4 September 1965) was a French-German theologian, organist, philosopher, and physician. He was born in the province of Alsace-Lorraine, at that time part of the German Empire, though he considered himself French and wrote mostly in French.


  5. Anatole France
    #5

    Anatole France

    311 views

    Anatole France (born François-Anatole Thibault, 16 April 1844 – 12 October 1924) was a French poet, journalist, and novelist. He was born in Paris, and died in Saint-Cyr-sur-Loire. He was a successful novelist, with several best-sellers. Ironic and skeptical, he was considered in his day the ideal French man of letters. He was a member of the Académie française, and won the 1921 Nobel Prize for Literature "in recognition of his brilliant literary achievements, characterized as they are by a nobility of style, a profound human sympathy, grace, and a true Gallic temperament".


  6. Henri Bergson
    #6

    Henri Bergson

    148 views

    Henri-Louis Bergson (18 October 1859 – 4 January 1941) was a major French philosopher, influential especially in the first half of the 20th century. Bergson convinced many thinkers that the processes of immediate experience and intuition are more significant than abstract rationalism and science for understanding reality.


  7. Frédéric Passy
    #7

    Frédéric Passy

    90 views

    Frédéric Passy (May 20, 1822 – June 12, 1912) was a French economist and a joint winner (together with Henry Dunant) of the first Nobel Peace Prize awarded in 1901.


  8. Aristide Briand
    #8

    Aristide Briand

    76 views

    Aristide Briand (28 March 1862 – 7 March 1932) was a French statesman who served eleven terms as Prime Minister of France during the French Third Republic and was a co-laureate of the 1926 Nobel Peace Prize.


  9. Frédéric Mistral
    #9

    Frédéric Mistral

    49 views

    Frédéric Mistral (Occitan: Frederic Mistral, 8 September 1830 – 25 March 1914) was a French writer and lexicographer of the Occitan language. Mistral received the 1904 Nobel Prize in Literature "in recognition of the fresh originality and true inspiration of his poetic production, which faithfully reflects the natural scenery and native spirit of his people, and, in addition, his significant work as a Provençal philologist". He was a founding member of Félibrige and a member of l'Académie de Marseille.


  10. Albert Fert
    #10

    Albert Fert

    45 views

    Albert Fert (born 7 March 1938) is a French physicist and one of the discoverers of giant magnetoresistance which brought about a breakthrough in gigabyte hard disks. Currently, he is an emeritus professor at Université Paris-Sud in Orsay and scientific director of a joint laboratory ('Unité mixte de recherche') between the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (National Scientific Research Centre) and Thales Group. Also, he is an Adjunct professor of physics at Michigan State University. He was awarded the 2007 Nobel Prize in Physics together with Peter Grünberg.


  11. Alexis Carrel
    #11

    Alexis Carrel

    41 views

    Alexis Carrel (28 June 1873 – 5 November 1944) was a French surgeon and biologist who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1912 for pioneering vascular suturing techniques. He invented the first perfusion pump with Charles A. Lindbergh opening the way to organ transplantation. Like many intellectuals before World War II he promoted eugenics. He was a regent for the French Foundation for the Study of Human Problems during Vichy France which implemented the eugenics policies there; his association with the Foundation and with Jacques Doriot's ultra-nationalist PPF led to investigations of collaborating with the Nazis, but he died before any trial could be held. He faced media attacks towards the end of his life over his alleged involvement with the Nazis.


  12. Pierre Curie
    #12

    Pierre Curie

    45 views

    Pierre Curie (/ˈkjʊri, kjʊˈr/; 15 May 1859 – 19 April 1906) was a French physicist, a pioneer in crystallography, magnetism, piezoelectricity and radioactivity. In 1903 he received the Nobel Prize in Physics with his wife, Marie Skłodowska-Curie, and Henri Becquerel, "in recognition of the extraordinary services they have rendered by their joint researches on the radiation phenomena discovered by Professor Henri Becquerel".


  13. André Gide
    #13

    André Gide

    42 views

    André Paul Guillaume Gide (22 November 1869 – 19 February 1951) was a French author and winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1947 "for his comprehensive and artistically significant writings, in which human problems and conditions have been presented with a fearless love of truth and keen psychological insight". Gide's career ranged from its beginnings in the symbolist movement, to the advent of anticolonialism between the two World Wars.


  14. Claude Simon
    #14

    Claude Simon

    32 views

    Claude Simon (10 October 1913 – 6 July 2005) was a Malagasy-French author and academic, and the 1985 Nobel Laureate in Literature.


  15. Pierre-Gilles de Gennes
    #15

    Pierre-Gilles de Gennes

    32 views

    Pierre-Gilles de Gennes (October 24, 1932 – May 18, 2007) was a French physicist and the Nobel Prize laureate in physics in 1991.


  16. Sully Prudhomme
    #16

    Sully Prudhomme

    36 views

    René François Armand (Sully) Prudhomme (16 March 1839 – 6 September 1907) was a French poet and essayist, and was the first ever winner of the Nobel Prize in Literature, in 1901.


  17. Frédéric Joliot-Curie
    #17

    Frédéric Joliot-Curie

    30 views

    Jean Frédéric Joliot-Curie (19 March 1900 – 14 August 1958), born Jean Frédéric Joliot, was a French physicist, husband of Irène Joliot-Curie and Nobel laureate.


  18. Roger Martin du Gard
    #18

    Roger Martin du Gard

    29 views

    Roger Martin du Gard (23 March 1881 – 22 August 1958) was a French author and novelist, winner of the 1937 Nobel Prize for Literature.


  19. Irène Joliot-Curie
    #19

    Irène Joliot-Curie

    29 views

    Irène Joliot-Curie (12 September 1897 – 17 March 1956) was a French scientist, the daughter of Marie Curie and Pierre Curie and the wife of Frédéric Joliot-Curie. Jointly with her husband, Joliot-Curie was awarded the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1935 for their discovery of artificial radioactivity. This made the Curies the family with the most Nobel laureates to date. Both children of the Joliot-Curies, Hélène and Pierre, are also esteemed scientists.


  20. Henri Becquerel
    #20

    Henri Becquerel

    24 views

    Antoine Henri Becquerel (15 December 1852 – 25 August 1908) was a physicist, Nobel laureate, and the discoverer of radioactivity. For work in this field he, along with Marie Skłodowska-Curie and Pierre Curie, received the 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics. The SI unit for radioactivity, the becquerel (Bq), is named after him.


  21. J. M. G. Le Clézio
    #21

    J. M. G. Le Clézio

    23 views

    Jean-Marie Gustave Le Clézio (born 13 April 1940), usually identified as J. M. G. Le Clézio, is a French-Mauritian writer and professor. The author of over forty works, he was awarded the 1963 Prix Renaudot for his novel Le Procès-Verbal, as well as the 2008 Nobel Prize in Literature for his life's work, as an "author of new departures, poetic adventure and sensual ecstasy, explorer of a humanity beyond and below the reigning civilization".


  22. François Mauriac
    #22

    François Mauriac

    30 views

    François Charles Mauriac (11 October 1885 – 1 September 1970) was a French novelist, dramatist, critic, poet, and journalist, a member of the Académie française (from 1933), and laureate of the Nobel Prize in Literature (1952). He was awarded the Grand Cross of the Légion d'honneur in 1958.


  23. Françoise Barré-Sinoussi
    #23

    Françoise Barré-Sinoussi

    16 views

    Françoise Barré-Sinoussi (born 30 July 1947) is a French virologist and director of the Regulation of Retroviral Infections Division (Unité de Régulation des Infections Rétrovirales) at the Institut Pasteur in Paris, France. Born in Paris, France, Barré-Sinoussi performed some of the fundamental work in the identification of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) as the cause of AIDS. In 2008, she was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, together with her former mentor, Luc Montagnier, for their discovery of HIV. She mandatorily retired from active research on August 31, 2015 and will fully retire by some time in 2017.


  24. Louis de Broglie
    #24

    Louis de Broglie

    21 views

    Louis-Victor-Pierre-Raymond, 7th duc de Broglie (/dəˈbrɔɪ/; or 15 August 1892 – 19 March 1987) was a French physicist who made groundbreaking contributions to quantum theory. In his 1924 PhD thesis he postulated the wave nature of electrons and suggested that all matter has wave properties. This concept is known as the de Broglie hypothesis, an example of wave-particle duality, and forms a central part of the theory of quantum mechanics.


  25. Georges Charpak
    #25

    Georges Charpak

    16 views

    Georges Charpak (born Jerzy Charpak, 1 August 1924 – 29 September 2010) was a Polish born, French physicist from a Polish Jewish family who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1992.


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