Marie Catherine Sophie, Comtesse d'Agoult (31 December 1805 – 5 March 1876), was a French author, known also by her pen name, Daniel Stern.
Michel Foucault (born Paul-Michel Foucault) (15 October 1926 – 25 June 1984) was a French philosopher, historian of ideas, social theorist, philologist and literary critic. His theories addressed the relationship between power and knowledge, and how they are used as a form of social control through societal institutions. Though often cited as a post-structuralist and postmodernist, Foucault rejected these labels, preferring to present his thought as a critical history of modernity. His thought has been highly influential both for academic and for activist groups, such as within post-anarchism.
François-Marie Arouet (21 November 1694 – 30 May 1778), known by his nom de plume Voltaire (/voʊlˈtɛər/; ), was a French Enlightenment writer, historian, and philosopher famous for his wit, his attacks on the established Catholic Church, and his advocacy of freedom of religion, freedom of expression, and separation of church and state.
Prosper Mérimée (September 28, 1803 – September 23, 1870) was a French dramatist, historian, archaeologist, and short story writer. He is perhaps best known for his novella Carmen, which became the basis of Bizet's opera Carmen. He was a first cousin of the physicist Augustin Fresnel (1788-1827).
Marie Joseph Louis Adolphe Thiers (15 April 1797 – 3 September 1877) was a French politician and historian of the French Revolution. He wrote a multi-volume history that argued that the republicanism of the Revolution was the central theme of modern French history.
François-René, Vicomte de Chateaubriand (/ʃæˌtoʊbriːˈɑːn/; September 4, 1768 – July 4, 1848) was a French writer, politician, diplomat, and historian, who is considered the founder of Romanticism in French literature. Descended from an old aristocratic family from Brittany, Chateaubriand was a royalist by political disposition; in an age when a number of intellectuals turned against the Church, he authored the Génie du christianisme in defense of the Catholic faith. His works include the autobiography Mémoires d'outre-tombe ("Memoirs from Beyond the Grave'", published posthumously in 1849–1850).
Pierre Nora (born 17 November 1931 in Paris) is a French historian elected to the Académie française on 7 June 2001. He is known for his work on French identity and memory. His name is associated with the study of new history. He is the brother of the late Simon Nora, former French officer.
Tzvetan Todorov (Bulgarian: Цветан Тодоров; born March 1, 1939) is a Bulgarian-French historian, philosopher, literary critic, sociologist and essayist. He is the author of many books and essays, which have a significant influence in anthropology, sociology, semiotics, literary theory, thought history and culture theory. He was married to Nancy Huston, with whom he has two children.
Marie-Dominique Chenu OP (7 January 1895, in Soisy-sur-Seine, Essonne – 11 February 1990, in Paris) was a progressive Roman Catholic theologian and one of the founders of the reformist journal Concilium.
Charles-Louis-Gaspard-Gabriel de Salviac, baron de Viel Castel (14 October 1800, in Paris – 6 October 1887, in Paris) was a French historian and diplomat. He was a great-nephew of Mirabeau via his mother, and the elder brother of Horace de Viel-Castel.
Jean Alexandre Vaillant (1804 - 21 March 1886) was a French and Romanian teacher, political activist, historian, linguist and translator, who was noted for his activities in Wallachia and his support for the 1848 Wallachian Revolution. A Romantic nationalist and Freemason, he was an associate of the liberal faction in both Wallachia and Moldavia, as well as a collaborator of Ion Heliade Rădulescu, Ion Câmpineanu, Mitică Filipescu, and Mihail Kogălniceanu.
Jean Bodin (1530–1596) was a French jurist and political philosopher, member of the Parlement of Paris and professor of law in Toulouse. He is best known for his theory of sovereignty (see Divine Right of Kings).
Saul Friedländer (Hebrew: שאול פרידלנדר) (born October 11, 1932) is an award-winning Israeli historian and currently a professor of history at UCLA.
Albert Malet (3 May 1864, Clermont-Ferrand - 25 September 1915, Battle of Thélus, Pas de Calais) was a French historian and author of scholarly textbooks, killed during the First World War.
Vincent-Marie Viénot, Count of Vaublanc (2 March 1756 – 21 August 1845) was a French royalist politician, writer and artist. He was a deputy for the Seine-et-Marne département in the French Legislative Assembly, served as President of the same body, and from 26 September 1815 to 7 May 1816, he was the French Minister of the Interior.
Philippe-Alexandre Le Brun de Charmettes (1785–1870) was a French historian, poet, translator and official.
Professor Jacques Lafaye, (21 March 1930– ) is a French historian who, from the early 1960s has written influentially on cultural and religious Spanish and Latin American history. His most popular work is Quetzalcoatl and Guadalupe written in 1974 regarding the formation of the Mexican National Consciousness and includes a prologue of Octavio Paz and is regarded as a key stone for the understanding of the contemporary Mexican culture and is regarded as one of the most comprehensive analysis of the colonial period in Mexico.
Élisabeth Roudinesco (Romanian: Rudinescu; born 10 September 1944) is a French academic psychoanalyst.
Arnaud Blin (born May 23, 1960) is a French historian and political scientist. He has focused mainly on international relations and the history of war and peace, including the history of terrorism. Although educated in the United States (Georgetown, Fletcher School (Tufts), Harvard), he has published almost exclusively in French. His History of Terrorism (with G. Chaliand) was originally published in France and translated into English by the University of California Press. It is also available in other languages.
Antoine-Frédéric Ozanam (April 23, 1813 – September 8, 1853) was a French scholar. He founded with fellow students the Conference of Charity, later known as the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul. He was beatified by Pope John Paul II in the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris in 1997, hence he may be properly called Blessed Frederic by Catholics. His feast day is September 9.
Max Gallo (born in Nice on 7 January 1932) is a French writer, historian and politician.
Henri-Irénée Marrou (12 November 1904, Marseilles – 11 April 1977, Bourg-la-Reine) was a leading French historian of the mid-twentieth century. A Christian humanist in outlook, his work was primarily in the spheres of Late Antiquity and the history of education. He is best known for his History of Education in Antiquity.
André Servier was an historian who lived in French Algeria at the beginning of the 20th century.
Alexis-Charles-Henri Clérel de Tocqueville (29 July 1805 – 16 April 1859) was a French political thinker and historian best known for his works Democracy in America (appearing in two volumes: 1835 and 1840) and The Old Regime and the Revolution (1856). In both of these, he analyzed the improved living standards and social conditions of individuals, as well as their relationship to the market and state in Western societies. Democracy in America was published after Tocqueville's travels in the United States, and is today considered an early work of sociology and political science.
Henri Michel (April 28, 1907, Vidauban, Var – June 5, 1986, Paris) was a French historian, who studied the Second World War. He created the Comité d'Histoire de la Deuxième Guerre Mondiale and the Revue d'Histoire de la Deuxième Guerre Mondiale.