Foreign Secretaries of the United Kingdom

Posted May 24, 2011
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  1. John Major
    #1

    John Major

    677 views

    Sir John Major KG CH (born 29 March 1943) is a British moderate Conservative Party politician, who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Leader of the Conservative Party from 1990 to 1997. He previously held the posts of Chancellor of the Exchequer and Foreign Secretary in the Thatcher Government and was the Member of Parliament for Huntingdon from 1979 to 2001. Major was Margaret Thatcher's preferred choice as her successor. Within weeks of becoming Prime Minister, Major presided over British participation in the Gulf War in March 1991 and negotiated the Maastricht Treaty in December 1991. Despite the British economy being in recession, he went on to lead the Conservatives to a fourth consecutive election victory, winning the most votes in British electoral history with over 14 million in the 1992 general election albeit with a much reduced majority in the House of Commons.


  2. William Hague
    #2

    William Hague

    452 views

    William Jefferson Hague, Baron Hague of Richmond PC FRSL (born 26 March 1961) is a British Conservative politician who represented Richmond, Yorkshire as Member of Parliament (MP) from 1989 to 2015. He also served as Leader of the House of Commons from 2014 to 2015, as Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs from 2010 to 2014, and as Leader of the Conservative Party and Leader of the Opposition from 1997 to 2001.


  3. David Miliband
    #3

    David Miliband

    305 views

    David Wright Miliband (born 15 July 1965) is a British Labour Party politician who was the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs from 2007 to 2010 and the Member of Parliament (MP) for South Shields from 2001 to 2013. He and his brother, Ed Miliband, were the first siblings to sit in the Cabinet simultaneously since Edward, Lord Stanley, and Oliver Stanley in 1938.


  4. Anthony Eden
    #4

    Anthony Eden

    240 views

    Robert Anthony Eden, 1st Earl of Avon, KG, MC, PC (12 June 1897 – 14 January 1977) was a British Conservative politician who served three periods as Foreign Secretary and then a relatively brief term as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1955 to 1957.


  5. Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington
    #5

    Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington

    69 views

    Field Marshal Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington KGGCBGCHPCFRS (1 May 1769 – 14 September 1852), was an Anglo-Irish soldier and statesman, and one of the leading military and political figures of 19th-century Britain. His defeat of Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815 put him in the top rank of Britain's military heroes. In 2002, he was number 15 in the BBC's poll of the 100 Greatest Britons.


  6. Harold Macmillan
    #6

    Harold Macmillan

    39 views

    Maurice Harold Macmillan, 1st Earl of Stockton, OM, PC, FRS (10 February 1894 – 29 December 1986) was a British Conservative politician and statesman who served as the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 10 January 1957 to 18 October 1963. Nicknamed "Supermac," he was known for his pragmatism, wit and unflappability.


  7. Jack Straw
    #7

    Jack Straw

    45 views

    John Whitaker Straw (born 3 August 1946) is a British politician who served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Blackburn from 1979 to 2015. Straw served in the Cabinet from 1997 to 2010 under the governments of Tony Blair and Gordon Brown. He held two of the traditional Great Offices of State, as Home Secretary from 1997 to 2001 and Foreign Secretary from 2001 to 2006 under Blair. From 2007 to 2010 he served as Lord Chancellor and the Secretary of State for Justice throughout Brown's Premiership. Straw is one of only three individuals to have served in Cabinet continuously under the Labour government from 1997 to 2010.


  8. Francis Pym, Baron Pym
    #8

    Francis Pym, Baron Pym

    27 views

    Francis Leslie Pym, Baron Pym, MC, PC (13 February 1922 – 7 March 2008) was a British politician. A member of the Conservative Party, he served in various positions in the Cabinet in the 1970s and 1980s, including Foreign Secretary, Defence Secretary, Northern Ireland Secretary and Leader of the House of Commons. He was Member of Parliament (MP) representing the constituencies of Cambridgeshire (1961–83) and South East Cambridgeshire (1983–87), and was made a life peer in 1987.


  9. Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey
    #9

    Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey

    39 views

    Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey KG PC (13 March 1764 – 17 July 1845), known as Viscount Howick between 1806 and 1807, was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 22 November 1830 to 16 July 1834. A member of the Whig Party, he backed significant reform of the British government and was among the primary architects of the Reform Act 1832. His government also saw the abolition of slavery in the British Empire. In addition to his political achievements, he has come to be associated with Earl Grey tea.


  10. Robin Cook
    #10

    Robin Cook

    32 views

    Robert Finlayson Cook (28 February 1946 – 6 August 2005) was a British Labour Party politician, who served as the Member of Parliament (MP) for Livingston from 1983 until his death, and served in the Cabinet as Foreign Secretary from 1997 to 2001.


  11. Douglas Hurd
    #11

    Douglas Hurd

    29 views

    Douglas Richard Hurd, Baron Hurd of Westwell CH CBE PC (born 8 March 1930) is a British Conservative politician who served in the governments of Margaret Thatcher and John Major from 1979 to 1995.


  12. Ernest Bevin
    #12

    Ernest Bevin

    30 views

    Ernest Bevin (9 March 1881 – 14 April 1951) was a British statesman, trade union leader, and Labour politician. He co-founded and served as general secretary of the powerful Transport and General Workers' Union from 1922 to 1940, and as Minister of Labour in the war-time coalition government. He succeeded in maximizing the British labour supply, for both the armed services and domestic industrial production, with a minimum of strikes and disruption. His most important role came as Foreign Secretary in the post-war Labour Government, 1945–51. He gained American financial support, strongly opposed Communism, and aided in the creation of NATO. Bevin's tenure also saw the end of the Mandate of Palestine and the creation of the State of Israel.


  13. James Callaghan
    #13

    James Callaghan

    42 views

    Leonard James Callaghan, Baron Callaghan of Cardiff KG PC (27 March 1912 – 26 March 2005), often known as Jim Callaghan, was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1976 to 1979 and Leader of the Labour Party from 1976 to 1980. Callaghan is to date the only politician in history to have served in all four of the "Great Offices of State", having been Chancellor of the Exchequer from 1964 to 1967, Home Secretary from 1967 to 1970, and Foreign Secretary from 1974, until his appointment as Prime Minister in 1976.


  14. Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh
    #14

    Robert Stewart, Viscount Castlereagh

    21 views

    Robert Stewart, 2nd Marquess of Londonderry (18 June 1769 – 12 August 1822), usually known as Lord Castlereagh (/ˈkɑːsəlr/ KAR-sul-RAY), was an Irish/British statesman. As British Foreign Secretary, from 1812 he was central to the management of the coalition that defeated Napoleon and was the principal British diplomat at the Congress of Vienna. Castlereagh was also leader of the British House of Commons in the Liverpool government from 1812 until his suicide in August 1822. Early in his career, as Chief Secretary for Ireland, he was involved in putting down the Irish Rebellion of 1798 and was instrumental in securing the passage of the Irish Act of Union of 1800.


  15. Malcolm Rifkind
    #15

    Malcolm Rifkind

    34 views

    Sir Malcolm Leslie Rifkind, KCMG, QC, (born 21 June 1946) is a British politician and former Member of Parliament (MP) for Kensington. He served in various roles as a cabinet minister under Prime Ministers Margaret Thatcher and John Major, including Secretary of State for Scotland (1986–1990), Defence Secretary (1992–1995) and Foreign Secretary (1995–1997).


  16. Rab Butler
    #16

    Rab Butler

    19 views

    Richard Austen Butler, Baron Butler of Saffron Walden KG CH PC DL (9 December 1902 – 8 March 1982), generally known as R. A. Butler and familiarly known from his initials as Rab, was a British Conservative politician.


  17. Margaret Beckett
    #17

    Margaret Beckett

    24 views

    Dame Margaret Mary Beckett, (née Jackson; born 15 January 1943) is a British Labour Party politician who has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Derby South since 1983. She was the Deputy Leader of the Labour Party under John Smith 1992 to 1994, and briefly served as Leader of the Labour Party following Smith's sudden death. She later served in the Cabinet under Prime Minister Tony Blair in a number of roles, becoming Britain's first female Foreign Secretary in 2006.


  18. Alec Douglas-Home
    #18

    Alec Douglas-Home

    25 views

    Alexander Frederick Douglas-Home, Baron Home of the Hirsel KT PC (/ˈhjuːm/; 2 July 1903 – 9 October 1995) was a British Conservative politician who served as Prime Minister from October 1963 to October 1964. He is notable for being the last Prime Minister to hold office while being a member of the House of Lords, before renouncing his peerage and taking up a seat in the House of Commons for the remainder of his premiership. His reputation, however, rests more on his two spells as the UK's foreign secretary than on his brief premiership.


  19. Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley
    #19

    Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley

    15 views

    Richard Colley Wesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley KG PC PC (Ire) (20 June 1760 – 26 September 1842), styled Viscount Wellesley from birth until 1781 and known as The Earl of Mornington from 1781 until 1799, was an Irish and British politician and colonial administrator.


  20. Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury
    #20

    Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury

    16 views

    Robert Arthur Talbot Gascoyne-Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury KG GCVO PC FRS (3 February 1830 – 22 August 1903), styled Lord Robert Cecil before 1865 and Viscount Cranborne from June 1865 until April 1868, was a British Conservative statesman, serving as Prime Minister three times for a total of over 13 years. He was the last Prime Minister to head his full administration from the House of Lords.


  21. E. F. L. Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax
    #21

    E. F. L. Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax

    27 views

    Edward Frederick Lindley Wood, 1st Earl of Halifax, KG OM GCSI GCMG GCIE TD PC (16 April 1881 – 23 December 1959), styled Lord Irwin from 1925 until 1934 and Viscount Halifax from 1934 until 1944, was one of the most senior British Conservative politicians of the 1930s. He held several senior ministerial posts during this time, most notably those of Viceroy of India from 1925 to 1931 and of Foreign Secretary between 1938 and 1940. He is regarded as one of the architects of the policy of appeasement prior to the Second World War, during which he served as British Ambassador in Washington.


  22. George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen
    #22

    George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen

    15 views

    George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen KGKTFRSEFRSPCFSA Scot (28 January 1784 – 14 December 1860), styled Lord Haddo from 1791 to 1801, was a British politician, diplomat and landowner, successively a Tory, Conservative and Peelite, who served as Prime Minister from 1852 until 1855 in a coalition between the Whigs and Peelites, with Radical and Irish support. The Aberdeen ministry was filled with powerful and talented politicians, whom Aberdeen was largely unable to control and direct. Despite trying to avoid this happening, it took Britain into the Crimean War, and fell when its conduct became unpopular, after which Aberdeen retired from politics.


  23. George Canning
    #23

    George Canning

    15 views

    George Canning, FRS, (11 April 1770 – 8 August 1827) was a British statesman and Tory politician who served in various senior cabinet positions under numerous Prime Ministers, before himself serving as Prime Minister for the final four months of his life.


  24. Michael Stewart, Baron Stewart of Fulham
    #24

    Michael Stewart, Baron Stewart of Fulham

    13 views

    Robert Michael Maitland Stewart, Baron Stewart of Fulham, CH, PC (6 November 1906 – 13 March 1990) was a British Labour politician and Fabian Socialist who served twice as Foreign Secretary in the first cabinet of Harold Wilson.


  25. Samuel Hoare, 1st Viscount Templewood
    #25

    Samuel Hoare, 1st Viscount Templewood

    18 views

    Samuel John Gurney Hoare, 1st Viscount Templewood, Bt GCSI GBE CMG PC JP (24 February 1880 – 7 May 1959), more commonly known as Sir Samuel Hoare, was a senior British Conservative politician who served in various Cabinet posts in the Conservative and National governments of the 1920s and 1930s. He was Secretary of State for Air during most of the 1920s and briefly again in 1940. He is perhaps most famous for serving as Foreign Secretary in 1935, when he authored the Hoare–Laval Pact with French Prime Minister Pierre Laval. In 1936 he became First Lord of the Admiralty, then served as Home Secretary from 1937 to 1939 and was British ambassador to Spain from 1940 to 1944.


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