English alchemists

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  1. Isaac Newton

    Isaac Newton


    Sir Isaac Newton PRS (4 January 1643 – 31 March 1727 ) was an English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist, and theologian.

  2. Roger Bacon

    Roger Bacon


    Roger Bacon, O.F.M. (c. 1214–1294), also known as Doctor Mirabilis (medieval accolade, meaning "wonderful teacher"), was an English philosopher and Franciscan friar who placed considerable emphasis on the study of nature through empirical methods. He is sometimes credited as one of the earliest European advocates of the modern scientific method inspired by the works of Plato and Aristotle.

  3. John Pordage

    John Pordage


    John Pordage (1607–1681) was an Anglican priest, astrologer, alchemist and Christian mystic. He founded the 17th century English Behmenist group which would later become known as the Philadelphian Society when it was led by his disciple and successor, Jane Leade.

  4. Thomas de Ashton (alchemist)

    Thomas de Ashton (alchemist)


    Sir Thomas de Ashton or Assheton (fl. 1446), was an English alchemist.

  5. Thomas Norton (alchemist)

    Thomas Norton (alchemist)


    Thomas Norton (c.1433-c.1513) was an English poet and alchemist. He is known as the author of the Ordinall of Alchemy (1477), an alchemical poem of around 3000 lines. According to Jonathan Hughes, Norton was born in Calne, Wiltshire. He became an alchemist in the 1450s, and was a courtier at the court of Edward IV of England, to whom the Ordinall was dedicated.

  6. Kenelm Digby

    Kenelm Digby


    Sir Kenelm Digby (July 11, 1603 – June 11, 1665) was an English courtier and diplomat. He was also a highly reputed natural philosopher, and known as a leading Roman Catholic intellectual and Blackloist. For his versatility, Anthony à Wood called him the "magazine of all arts".

  7. Cheney Culpeper

    Cheney Culpeper


    Sir Cheney Culpeper (1601–1663) was an English landowner, a supporter of Samuel Hartlib, and a largely non-political figure of his troubled times, interested in technological progress and reform. His sister Judith was the second wife of John Colepeper, 1st Baron Colepeper.

  8. Robert Plot

    Robert Plot


    Robert Plot (13 December 1640 – April 30, 1696) was an English naturalist, first Professor of Chemistry at the University of Oxford, and the first keeper of the Ashmolean Museum.

  9. James Price

    James Price


  10. Isabelle de Steiger

    Isabelle de Steiger


    Isabelle de Steiger, née Lace (28 February 1836 - 1 January 1927), was an English painter, theosophist, occultist and writer. She became a member of several esoteric societies in London, and was a close friend and co-worker of Anna Kingsford.

  11. Edward Cradock

    Edward Cradock


    Edward Cradock (floruit 1571) was an English theologian and alchemist.

  12. Frederick Clod

    Frederick Clod


    Frederick Clod (or Clodius) (b. 1625, d. in or after 1661), was a physician and ‘mystical chemist’ of German extraction. He lived in a sizeable house (taxed on eight hearths) in Axe Yard, London, next door to the Hartlibs , whose daughter Mary he married in 1660. He was also a neighbour to the diarist Samuel Pepys, who mentions him several times. A minor figure in scientific circles and a friend of Robert Boyle, to which he supplied some very varied recipes.

  13. Edmund Dickinson

    Edmund Dickinson


    Edmund Dickinson or Dickenson (1624–1707) was an English royal physician and alchemist, author of a syncretic philosophical system.

  14. William Backhouse

    William Backhouse


    William Backhouse (1593 – 1662) was a renowned English Rosicrucian philosopher, alchemist, and astrologer. He was born on 17 January 1593 at Swallowfield Park, some 5 miles south of Reading in the county of Berkshire, a younger son of Samuel Backhouse. He entered Christ Church, Oxford, in 1610, but left the university without taking a degree.

  15. John Thornborough

    John Thornborough

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    John Thornborough (1551–1641) was an English bishop.

  16. Thomas Charnock

    Thomas Charnock

    1 view

    Thomas Charnock (1516/1524/1526–1581) was an English alchemist and occultist who devoted his life to the fruitless quest for the Philosopher's Stone.

  17. Benjamin Worsley

    Benjamin Worsley


    Benjamin Worsley (1618–1673) was an English physician, Surveyor-General of Ireland, experimental scientist, civil servant and intellectual figure of Commonwealth England. He studied at Trinity College, Dublin, but may not have graduated.

  18. Nicasius le Febure

    Nicasius le Febure


    Nicasius le Febure, a.k.a. Nicolas le Febure or Nicasius le Fevre or Nicolas le Fèvre (1615 - 1669), was a French chemist and alchemist who was appointed to positions by both French and English royalty.

  19. Hugh of Evesham

    Hugh of Evesham


    Hugh of Evesham (died 1287) was a 13th century English churchman, physician and alchemist. Given his name, it is likely that he came from Evesham, Worcestershire. Hugh studied at Oxford University in the 1260s and in 1275, now Archdeacon of Worcester, went to study in Continental Europe. At some point in his student career he became friends with John Peckham, future Archbishop of Canterbury.

  20. John Dastin

    John Dastin

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    John Dastin was an English alchemist of the fourteenth century. He is known for correspondence with Pope John XXII, in defence of alchemical practice, dated to 1320.

  21. William Alexander Ayton

    William Alexander Ayton

    1 view

    William Alexander Ayton (28 April 1816 – 1 January 1909) was a British Anglican clergyman with an interest in alchemy. He was Vicar of Chacombe (in Northamptonshire) from 1873-1894. In 1894 he retired on a small pension, and he died at Saffron Walden (in Hertfordshire) in 1909. He translated from Latin the life of John Dee written by Thomas Smith.

  22. Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland

    Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland

    1 view

    Henry Percy, 9th Earl of Northumberland KG (27 April 1564 – 5 November 1632) was an English aristocrat. He was a grandee and one of the wealthiest peers of the court of Elizabeth I. Under James I, Henry was a long-term prisoner in the Tower of London. He is known for the circles he moved in as well as for his own achievements. He acquired the sobriquet The Wizard Earl (also given to Gerald FitzGerald, 11th Earl of Kildare), from his scientific and alchemical experiments, his passion for cartography, and his large library. His mild deafness and slight speech impediment did not prevent him from becoming an important intellectual and cultural figure of his generation.

  23. Elias Ashmole

    Elias Ashmole

    1 view

    Elias Ashmole (23 May 1617 – 18 May 1692) was a celebrated English antiquary, politician, officer of arms, astrologer and student of alchemy. Ashmole supported the royalist side during the English Civil War, and at the restoration of Charles II he was rewarded with several lucrative offices.

  24. Francis Willughby

    Francis Willughby


    Francis Willughby (sometimes spelt Willoughby) (22 November 1635 – 3 July 1672) was an English ornithologist and ichthyologist. He was a student, friend and colleague of the naturalist John Ray at Cambridge University, and shared some of his expeditions and interests. Ray saw Willughby's Ornithologia libri tres through the press after Willughby's sudden death.

  25. Arthur Dee

    Arthur Dee

    1 view

    Arthur Dee (13 July 1579 – September 1651), the eldest son of Dr John Dee, was a physician and alchemist.

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