Benzion Netanyahu (Hebrew: בֶּנְצִיּוֹן נְתַנְיָהוּ, born Benzion Mileikowsky; March 25, 1910 – April 30, 2012) was an Israeli Professor of History at Cornell University. A scholar of Judaic history, he was also an activist in the Revisionist Zionism movement, who lobbied in the United States to support the creation of the Jewish state. His field of expertise was the history of the Jews in Spain, and he served as an editor of the Hebrew Encyclopedia. He spent a significant portion of his life in the United States. Though he became Ze'ev Jabotinsky's personal secretary, he never got involved directly in Israeli politics. He is the father of current Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu.