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  1. Albert Schweitzer

    Albert Schweitzer


    Albert Schweitzer (14 January 1875 – 4 September 1965) was a German—and later French—theologian, organist, philosopher, physician, and medical missionary in Africa, also known for his historical work on Jesus. He was born in the province of Alsace-Lorraine, at that time part of the German Empire, though he considered himself French and wrote mostly in French.

  2. Selma Lagerlöf

    Selma Lagerlöf


    Selma Ottilia Lovisa Lagerlöf (20 November 1858 – 16 March 1940) was a Swedish author. She was the first female writer to win the Nobel Prize in Literature, and most widely known for her children's book Nils Holgerssons underbara resa genom Sverige (The Wonderful Adventures of Nils).

  3. Wassily Kandinsky

    Wassily Kandinsky


    Wassily Wassilyevich Kandinsky (kænˈdɪnski; Russian: Васи́лий Васи́льевич Канди́нский, Vasiliy Vasil’yevich Kandinskiy, 16 December [O.S. 4 December] 1866 – 13 December 1944) was an influential Russian painter and art theorist. He is credited with painting one of the first purely abstract works. Born in Moscow, Kandinsky spent his childhood in Odessa. He enrolled at the University of Moscow, studying law and economics. Successful in his profession—he was offered a professorship (chair of Roman Law) at the University of Dorpat—Kandinsky began painting studies (life-drawing, sketching and anatomy) at the age of 30.

  4. Saul Bellow

    Saul Bellow


    Saul Bellow (10 June 1915 – 5 April 2005) was a Canadian-born American writer. For his literary contributions, Bellow was awarded the Pulitzer Prize, the Nobel Prize for Literature, and the National Medal of Arts. He is the only writer to win the National Book Award for Fiction three times and he received the National Book Foundation's lifetime Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters in 1990.

  5. Bruno Walter

    Bruno Walter


    Bruno Walter (born Bruno Schlesinger, September 15, 1876 – February 17, 1962) was a German-born conductor, pianist and composer. Born in Berlin, he left Germany in 1933 to escape the Third Reich, settling finally in the United States in 1939. He worked closely with Gustav Mahler, whose music he helped to establish in the repertory, held major positions with the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra, New York Philharmonic, Concertgebouw Orchestra, Salzburg Festival, Vienna State Opera, Bavarian State Opera, Staatsoper Unter den Linden and Deutsche Oper Berlin, among others, made recordings of historical and artistic significance, and is widely considered to be one of the great conductors of the 20th century.

  6. Jesaiah Ben-Aharon

    Jesaiah Ben-Aharon


    Yeshayahu (Jesaiah) Ben-Aharon (born 1955, Israel) is an Israeli philosopher who founded the kibbutz Harduf, Israel. He is married and has two children. He teaches, writes and lectures worldwide on the evolution of human consciousness in the sciences, humanities, and spirituality. He received a PH.d in philosophy from Haifa University in Israel and specializes in Goetheanism, phenomenology, anthroposophy and post-structural thinking. His main goal is to combine spiritual research with social activism in Israel and the world.

  7. Rudolf Steiner

    Rudolf Steiner


    Rudolf Joseph Lorenz Steiner (27(25?) February 1861 – 30 March 1925) was an Austrian mystic, philosopher, social reformer, architect, and esotericist. Steiner gained initial recognition at the end of the nineteenth century as a literary critic and published philosophical works including The Philosophy of Freedom. At the beginning of the twentieth century, he founded an esoteric spiritual movement, anthroposophy, with roots in German idealist philosophy and theosophy; other influences include Goethean science and Rosicrucianism.

  8. Joseph Beuys

    Joseph Beuys


    Joseph Beuys (12 May 1921 – 23 January 1986) was a German Fluxus, happening and performance artist as well as a sculptor, installation artist, graphic artist, art theorist and pedagogue of art.

  9. Herbert Witzenmann

    Herbert Witzenmann


    Herbert Witzenmann (16 February 1905, Pforzheim, Baden – 24 September 1988, Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg) was a German philosopher and anthroposophist.

  10. Guenther Wachsmuth

    Guenther Wachsmuth


    Guenther Wachsmuth (4 October 1893, Dresden — 2 March 1963, Dornach, Switzerland) was a jurist, economist, anthroposophist, author and first Secretary and Treasurer of the Anthroposophical Society.

  11. Elisabeth Vreede

    Elisabeth Vreede


    Elisabeth Vreede (* 16 July 1879 in The Hague; † 31 August 1943 in Ascona) was a Dutch mathematician, astronomer and Anthroposophist.

  12. Ita Wegman

    Ita Wegman


    Ita Wegman, MD (born 22 February 1876 in Karawang, West Java; died 4 March 1943 in Arlesheim, Switzerland) is known as the co-founder of Anthroposophical Medicine with Rudolf Steiner. In 1921, she founded the first anthroposophical medical clinic in Arlesheim, now known as the Ita Wegman Clinic. She also developed a special form of massage therapy, called rhythmical massage, and other therapeutic treatments.

  13. Georg Kühlewind

    Georg Kühlewind


    Georg Kühlewind (1924 – January 15, 2006) was a Hungarian philosopher, writer, lecturer, and meditation teacher who worked from the tradition of Rudolf Steiner’s spiritual science. Setting aside his early interest in music and psychology, he pursued a successful professional career as a physical chemist. Meanwhile, he continued to deepen his spiritual practice and insights. A prolific author (most of whose works are still untranslated from German), Kühlewind spent much time traveling the world, lecturing and leading workshops and seminars in meditation, psychology, epistemology, child development, anthroposophy, and esoteric Christianity. He was the author of numerous books.

  14. Nicanor Perlas

    Nicanor Perlas


    Nicanor Jesús "Nick/Nicky" Pineda Perlas III (born January 10, 1950 in Manila, Philippines) is a Filipino activist and a recipient of the Right Livelihood Award in 2003.

  15. Bernard Lievegoed

    Bernard Lievegoed


    Bernardus Cornelis Johannes Lievegoed (2 September 1905, Medan - 12 December 1992, Zeist) was a Dutch medical doctor, psychiatrist and author. He is most famous for establishing a theory of organizational development. He founded the N.P.I., or Netherlands Pedagogical Institute, which works with organizations and individuals to help these realize their economic, social and cultural goals. He also founded the Vrije Hogeschool in Driebergen.

  16. Douglas M. Sloan

    Douglas M. Sloan


    Douglas M. Sloan--for three decades a professor of history and education at Teachers College, Columbia University--is a curriculum theorist and author. He is a proponent of anthroposophy-based education.

  17. Ibrahim Abouleish

    Ibrahim Abouleish


    Ibrahim Abouleish (born 1937 in Egypt) began his chemistry and medicine studies at the age of 19 in Austria. He did his doctorate in 1969 in the field of pharmacology and then worked in leading positions within pharmaceutical research. During this time he was granted patents for a number of new medicines, especially for osteoporosis and arteriosclerosis. During a visit to Egypt in 1975 he was caught by the deplorable economic and social conditions of his country of origin. In 1977 he returned to Egypt and founded the comprehensive development initiative SEKEM.

  18. Daphne Olivier

    Daphne Olivier


    Daphne Olivier (1889 - 14 July 1950) was the third daughter of the British politician Sydney Olivier, 1st Baron Olivier, and Margaret Cox; she was the sister of Margery (1886–1974), Brynhild (1887–1935) and Noël (1893–1969) and the first cousin of the actor Laurence Olivier (1907-1989). She established the first Rudolf Steiner school in England.

  19. Jörgen Smit

    Jörgen Smit


    Jörgen Smit (* July 21, 1916 in Bergen; † May 10, 1991 in Arlesheim) was a Norwegian teacher, teachers teacher, speaker and writer, mainly in the context of the Anthroposophical Society and the Waldorfschool Movement. He was the general secretary of the Norwegian Anthroposophical Society, co-founder of the Rudolf Steiner Seminar in Järna, Sweden and member of the Executive Council of the General Anthroposophical Society at the Goetheanum in Dornach, Switzerland.

  20. Walther Cloos

    Walther Cloos


    Walther Cloos (born in Darmstadt, Germany 22 June 1900 and died in Ulm, Germany, 30 June 1985) was a pharmacist, alchemist, Anthroposophist, lecturer, researcher, inventor, author and pioneer in anthroposophical pharmacy.

  21. Paul Nordoff

    Paul Nordoff


    Paul Nordoff (June 4, 1909 Philadelphia, Pennsylvania – January 18, 1977 Herdecke, North Rhine-Westphalia, West Germany) was an American composer and music therapist, anthroposophist and initiator of the Nordoff-Robbins method of music therapy. His music is generally tonal and neo-Romantic in style.

  22. Marie Steiner-von Sivers

    Marie Steiner-von Sivers


    Marie Steiner-von Sivers (born Marie von Sivers – 14 March 1867 – 27 December 1948) was the second wife of Rudolf Steiner and one of his closest colleagues. She made a great contribution to the development of anthroposophy, particularly in her work on the renewal of the performing arts (eurythmy, speech and drama), and the editing and publishing of Rudolf Steiner's literary estate.

  23. Owen Barfield

    Owen Barfield


    Arthur Owen Barfield (9 November 1898 – 14 December 1997) was a British philosopher, author, poet, and critic.

  24. Alan Chadwick

    Alan Chadwick


    Alan Chadwick (July 27, 1909 – May 25, 1980), English master gardener, was a leading innovator of organic farming techniques and influential educator in the field of biodynamic/French intensive gardening. He was a student of Rudolf Steiner and is often cited as inspirational to the development of the "California Cuisine" movement. The Chadwick restaurant in Beverly Hills was named after him. His grave is marked by a stupa at the Green Gulch Farm Zen Center in California. Chadwick is the subject of a 2013 retrospective by a former University of California, Santa Cruz professor, Paul Lee, called There Is a Garden in the Mind: A Memoir of Alan Chadwick and the Organic Movement in California.

  25. Wilhelm Pelikan

    Wilhelm Pelikan


    Wilhelm Pelikan (Born in Pola (Istria) on 3 December 1893—died in Arlesheim on 17 November 1981) was a chemist, anthroposophist, pharmacist, gardener and anthroposophical medicine practitioner.

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