1883 births

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List of famous people who were born in 1883
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See also 1880s births, 1883

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  1. Coco Chanel

    Coco Chanel


    Gabrielle Bonheur Chanel (19 August 1883 – 10 January 1971) was a French fashion designer and founder of the Chanel brand. Along with Paul Poiret, Chanel was credited with liberating women from the constraints of the "corseted silhouette" and popularizing a sportive, casual chic as the feminine standard of style in the post-World War I era. A prolific fashion creator, Chanel's influence extended beyond couture clothing. Her design aesthetic was realized in jewelry, handbags, and fragrance. Her signature scent, Chanel No. 5, has become an iconic product. She is the only fashion designer listed on Time magazine's list of the 100 most influential people of the 20th century.

  2. Benito Mussolini

    Benito Mussolini


    Benito Amilcare Andrea Mussolini (29 July 1883 – 28 April 1945) was an Italian politician, journalist, and leader of the National Fascist Party, ruling the country as Prime Minister from 1922 until his ousting in 1943. He ruled constitutionally until 1925, when he dropped all pretense of democracy and set up a legal dictatorship. Known as Il Duce ("the leader"), Mussolini was one of the key figures in the creation of fascism.

  3. Linda Lee Thomas

    Linda Lee Thomas


    Linda Lee Thomas (November 17, 1883 – May 20, 1954) was an American socialite and the wife of musical theatre composer Cole Porter.

  4. Lon Chaney

    Lon Chaney


    Leonidas Frank "Lon" Chaney (April 1, 1883 – August 26, 1930) was an American stage and film actor, director and screenwriter. He is regarded as one of the most versatile and powerful actors of early cinema, renowned for his characterizations of tortured, often grotesque and afflicted characters, and his groundbreaking artistry with makeup. Chaney is known for his starring roles in such silent horror films as The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1923) and The Phantom of the Opera (1925). His ability to transform himself using makeup techniques he developed earned him the nickname "The Man of a Thousand Faces."

  5. Douglas Fairbanks

    Douglas Fairbanks


    Douglas Fairbanks (May 23, 1883 – December 12, 1939) was an American actor, screenwriter, director, and producer. He was best known for his swashbuckling roles in silent films such as The Thief of Bagdad, Robin Hood, and The Mark of Zorro but spent the early part of his career making comedies.

  6. Estelle Winwood

    Estelle Winwood


    Estelle Winwood (24 January 1883 – 20 June 1984) was an English stage and film actress who moved to the United States in mid-career and became celebrated for her wit and longevity.

  7. Enoch L. Johnson

    Enoch L. Johnson


    Enoch Lewis "Nucky" Johnson (January 20, 1883 – December 9, 1968) was an Atlantic City, New Jersey political boss and racketeer. From the 1910s until his conviction and imprisonment in 1941, he was the undisputed "boss" of the political machine that controlled Atlantic City and the Atlantic County government. His rule encompassed the Roaring Twenties when, as a refuge from Prohibition, Atlantic City was at the height of its popularity. In addition to bootlegging, his organization also was involved in gambling and prostitution.

  8. Maude Fealy

    Maude Fealy


    Maude Fealy (March 4, 1883 – November 9, 1971) was an American stage and silent film actress who survived into the talkie era.

  9. Pauline Frederick

    Pauline Frederick


    Pauline Frederick (August 12, 1883 – September 19, 1938) was an American stage and film actress.

  10. Marion Lorne

    Marion Lorne


    Marion Lorne (August 12, 1883 – May 9, 1968) was an American actress of stage, film, and television.

  11. Laurette Taylor

    Laurette Taylor


    Laurette Taylor (April 1, 1883 – December 7, 1946) was an American stage and silent film star.

  12. Elsie Ferguson

    Elsie Ferguson


    Elsie Louise Ferguson (August 19, 1883 – November 15, 1961) was an American stage and film actress.

  13. Walter Huston

    Walter Huston


    Walter Thomas Huston (/ˈwɔːltər ˈhjuːstən/; April 5, 1883 – April 7, 1950) was a Canadian-born American actor. He was the father of actor and director John Huston, the grandfather of Pablo Huston, Walter Anthony (Tony) Huston, Anjelica Huston, Danny Huston, and Allegra Huston, and the great-grandfather of actor Jack Huston.

  14. Gabrielle Ray

    Gabrielle Ray


    Gabrielle Ray (28 April 1883 - 21 May 1973), was an English stage actress, dancer and singer, best known for her roles in Edwardian musical comedies.

  15. Marguerite Clark

    Marguerite Clark


    Marguerite Clark (February 22, 1883 – September 25, 1940) was an American stage and silent film actress.

  16. Francis X. Bushman

    Francis X. Bushman


    Francis Xavier Bushman (January 10, 1883August 23, 1966) was an American film actor. His matinee idol career started in 1911 in the silent film His Friend's Wife, but it did not survive the silent screen era.

  17. S.Z. Sakall

    S.Z. Sakall


    Szőke Szakáll (2 February 1883 – 12 February 1955), known as S.Z. Sakall, was a Hungarian film character actor. He was in many films including In the Good Old Summertime, Lullaby of Broadway, Christmas in Connecticut and Casablanca in which he played Carl, the head waiter. Chubby-jowled Sakall played numerous supporting roles in Hollywood musicals and comedies in the 1940s and 1950s. His rotund cuteness caused studio head Jack Warner to bestow on Sakall the nickname "Cuddles". Warner asked that he be billed as S.Z. "Cuddles" Sakall in his later films, though he was never happy with the name. He became well known for using the phrase "everything is hunky dunky."

  18. Franz Kafka

    Franz Kafka


    Franz Kafka (Jewish name: אנשיל, Anschel; 3 July 1883 – 3 June 1924) was a German-language writer of novels and short stories, regarded by critics as one of the most influential authors of the 20th century. Most of his works, such as "Die Verwandlung" ("The Metamorphosis"), Der Process (The Trial), and Das Schloss (The Castle), are filled with the themes and archetypes of alienation, physical and psychological brutality, parent–child conflict, characters on a terrifying quest, labyrinths of bureaucracy, and mystical transformations.

  19. Edna May Oliver

    Edna May Oliver


    Edna May Oliver (November 9, 1883 – November 9, 1942) was an American stage and film actress. During the 1930s, she was one of the best-known character actresses in American films, often playing tart-tongued spinsters.

  20. Max Linder

    Max Linder


    Gabriel-Maximilien Leuvielle (16 December 1883 – 31 October 1925), better known by the stage name Max Linder was a French actor, director, screenwriter, producer and comedian of the silent film era. His onscreen persona "Max" was one of the first recognizable recurring characters in film. He has also been cited as the "first international movie star."

  21. Adrienne Morrison

    Adrienne Morrison


    Mabel Adrienne Morrison (March 1, 1883 – November 20, 1940) was a semi-successful stage actress of the early 20th century. She married actor Richard Bennett, with whom she had three daughters who later would become actresses. She was the daughter of actress Rose Wood and actor Lewis Morrison. In 1905, she appeared as Nat-u-ritch, an Aboriginal American woman, in the play The Squaw Man opposite William Faversham. Cecil B. DeMille would film the story three times in 1914, 1918 and 1931. Her part would be played by Lupe Vélez in DeMille's 1931 sound film of the story.

  22. Myrtle Stedman

    Myrtle Stedman


    Myrtle Stedman (March 3, 1883 – January 8, 1938) was a leading lady and later character actress in motion pictures beginning in silent films in 1910. She was born in Chicago, Illinois and educated at a private finishing school there. Miss Stedman performed in light opera and musical comedies there. Her voice was cultivated in France. Her tutor was Marchesi, who was known as one of the finest instructors of voice culture in his country. Myrtle did not enter the field of opera because of her preference for light opera. She starred for a number of seasons in Isle of Spice and The Chocolate Soldier. She performed for a year at the Whitney Theater in Chicago and was a prima donna of the Chicago Grand Opera Company.

  23. Ned Sparks

    Ned Sparks


    Ned Sparks (November 19, 1883 – April 3, 1957) was a Canadian-born character actor. Sparks was known for his deadpan expression and deep, gravelly voice.

  24. Mary Alden

    Mary Alden


    Mary Maguire Alden (June 18, 1883 – July 2, 1946) was an American motion picture and stage actress. She was one of the first Broadway actresses to work in Hollywood.

  25. Polly Moran

    Polly Moran


    Pauline Theresa "Polly" Moran (June 28, 1883 – January 25, 1952) was an American actress and comedian.

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