1818 births

Posted Mar 23, 2010
List of famous people who were born in 1818
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See also 1810s births, 1818

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  1. Karl Marx

    Karl Marx


    Karl Marx (/mɑrks/; 5 May 1818 – 14 March 1883) was a German philosopher, economist, sociologist, journalist and revolutionary socialist. Born in Prussia (now Rhineland-Palatinate), he later became stateless and spent much of his life in London. Marx's work in economics laid the basis for much of the current understanding of labour and its relation to capital, and subsequent economic thought. He published numerous books during his lifetime, the most notable being The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Das Kapital (1867–1894).

  2. Emily Brontë

    Emily Brontë


    Emily Jane Brontë (/ˈbrɒnti/, commonly /ˈbrɒnt/; 30 July 1818 – 19 December 1848) was an English novelist and poet who is best known for her only novel, Wuthering Heights, now considered a classic of English literature. Emily was the third eldest of the four surviving Brontë siblings, between the youngest Anne and her brother Branwell. She wrote under the pen name Ellis Bell.

  3. Ivan Turgenev

    Ivan Turgenev


    Ivan Sergeyevich Turgenev (/tɜrˈɡɛnjəf, -ˈɡn-/; Russian: Ива́н Серге́евич Турге́нев; November 9 [O.S. October 28] 1818 – September 3, 1883) was a Russian novelist, short story writer, and playwright. His first major publication, a short story collection entitled A Sportsman's Sketches (1852), was a milestone of Russian Realism, and his novel Fathers and Sons (1862) is regarded as one of the major works of 19th-century fiction.

  4. Frederick Douglass

    Frederick Douglass


    Frederick Douglass (born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey, c.February 1818 – February 20, 1895) was an African-American social reformer, abolitionist, orator, writer, and statesman. After escaping from slavery, he became a leader of the abolitionist movement, gaining note for his dazzling oratory and incisive antislavery writings. He stood as a living counter-example to slaveholders' arguments that slaves lacked the intellectual capacity to function as independent American citizens. Even many Northerners at the time found it hard to believe that such a great orator had once been a slave.

  5. Vicente Martinez Ybor

    Vicente Martinez Ybor


    Vicente Martinez-Ybor (7 September 1818 - 14 December 1896), a Spanish immigrant to the United States, became a noted industrialist and cigar manufacturer first in Cuba, then Key West, and finally Tampa, Florida.

  6. James Fitzgerald

    James Fitzgerald


    James FitzGerald is a Canadian writer, who won the 2010 Writers' Trust Non-Fiction Prize for his book What Disturbs Our Blood: A Son's Quest to Redeem the Past.

  7. Mary Todd Lincoln

    Mary Todd Lincoln


    Mary Ann Todd Lincoln (December 13, 1818 – July 16, 1882) was the wife of the sixteenth President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln, and was First Lady of the United States from 1861 to 1865.

  8. Marie of Saxe-Altenburg

    Marie of Saxe-Altenburg


    Princess Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, VA (Alexandrina Mary Wilhelmina Catherine Charlotte Theresa Henrietta Louise Pauline Elizabeth Frederica Georgina; German: Alexandrine Marie Wilhelmine Katharine Charlotte Theresia Henriette Luise Pauline Elisabeth Friederike Georgine; 14 April 1818 – 9 January 1907) was Queen of Hanover and the consort of George V, a grandson of George III of the United Kingdom and Queen Charlotte.

  9. José María Castro Madriz

    José María Castro Madriz


    José María Castro Madriz (September 1, 1818 – April 4, 1892) was a Costa Rican lawyer, academic, diplomat, and politician. He served twice as President of Costa Rica, from 1847 to 1849, and from 1866 to 1868. On both occasions he was prevented from completing his term of office by military coups. During his first administration, on 31 August 1848, he formally declared Costa Rica an independent republic, definitively severing Costa Rica's ties to the moribund Federal Republic of Central America.

  10. William Hay

    William Hay


    William Hay (December 1594 – 26 December 1664) was an English politician who sat in the House of Commons variously between 1641 and 1660.

  11. Alexander Bain

    Alexander Bain


    Alexander Bain (12 October 1810 – 2 January 1877) was a Scottish inventor and engineer who was first to invent and patent the electric clock. He installed the railway telegraph lines between Edinburgh and Glasgow.

  12. George Pomutz

    George Pomutz


    George Pomutz (in Romanian: Gheorghe Pomuţ, in Hungarian: Pomucz György or Pomutz György; May 31, 1818 – October 12, 1882) was a Romanian officer during the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 against the Habsburgs, a general in the Union Army in the American Civil War, and a diplomat.

  13. Isaac Stevens

    Isaac Stevens


    Isaac Ingalls Stevens (March 25, 1818 – September 1, 1862) was the first Governor of Washington Territory, serving 1853-1857. He also served as a U.S. Congressman, and a Brigadier General in the Union Army during the American Civil War until his death at the Battle of Chantilly. He was appointed posthumously to the grade of Major General of volunteers.

  14. Wade Hampton III

    Wade Hampton III


    Wade Hampton III (March 28, 1818 – April 11, 1902) was a Confederate cavalry leader during the American Civil War and afterward a Democratic Party politician from South Carolina.

  15. Tewodros II of Ethiopia

    Tewodros II of Ethiopia


    Téwodros II (Ge'ez: ቴዎድሮስ, baptized as Sahle Dingil, and often referred to in English by the equivalent Theodore II) (c. 1818 – April 13, 1868) was the Emperor of Ethiopia from 1855 until his death.

  16. William M. Evarts

    William M. Evarts


    William Maxwell Evarts (February 6, 1818 – February 28, 1901) was an American lawyer and statesman who served as U.S. Secretary of State, U.S. Attorney General and U.S. Senator from New York. He was born in Boston, Massachusetts, the son of Jeremiah Evarts, an author, editor, and Indian removal opponent; and the grandson of Declaration of Independence signer Roger Sherman.

  17. Lewis H. Morgan

    Lewis H. Morgan


    Lewis Henry Morgan (November 21, 1818 – December 17, 1881) was a pioneering American anthropologist and social theorist who worked as a railroad lawyer. He is best known for his work on kinship and social structure, his theories of social evolution, and his ethnography of the Iroquois. Interested in what holds societies together, he proposed the concept that the earliest human domestic institution was the matrilineal clan, not the patriarchal family.

  18. Amalia of Oldenburg

    Amalia of Oldenburg


    Amalia of Oldenburg (Greek: Αμαλία; 21 December 1818 – 20 May 1875) was queen consort of Greece from 1836 to 1862 as the spouse of King Otto (1815–1867).

  19. Angelica Singleton Van Buren

    Angelica Singleton Van Buren


    Sarah Angelica Singleton Van Buren, née Singleton (February 13, 1818 – December 29, 1877), was the daughter-in-law of the 8th United States President Martin Van Buren. She was married to the President's son, Abraham Van Buren. She assumed the post of First Lady because the president's wife, Hannah Van Buren, had died 17 years earlier and he remained unwed throughout the rest of his life. She is the youngest woman ever to hold the title of First Lady.

  20. Elizabeth Van Lew

    Elizabeth Van Lew


    Elizabeth Van Lew (October 25, 1818 – September 25, 1900) was a Richmond, Virginia abolitionist and philanthropist who built and operated an extensive spy ring for the United States during the American Civil War.

  21. P. G. T. Beauregard

    P. G. T. Beauregard


    Pierre Gustave Toutant-Beauregard (/ˈbrɨɡɑrd/; May 28, 1818 – February 20, 1893) was a Southern military officer, politician, inventor, writer, civil servant, and the first prominent general of the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. Today he is commonly referred to as P. G. T. Beauregard, but he rarely used his first name as an adult. He signed correspondence as G. T. Beauregard.

  22. Alexander Evans

    Alexander Evans


    Alexander Evans (September 13, 1818 – December 5, 1888) was a U.S. Representative from Maryland.

  23. Lucy Stone

    Lucy Stone


    Lucy Stone (August 13, 1818 – October 19, 1893) was a prominent American orator, abolitionist, and suffragist, and a vocal advocate and organizer promoting rights for women. In 1847, Stone became the first woman from Massachusetts to earn a college degree. She spoke out for women's rights and against slavery at a time when women were discouraged and prevented from public speaking. Stone was known for using her maiden name after marriage, as the custom was for women to take their husband's surname.

  24. Alfred Compigne

    Alfred Compigne


    Alfred William Compigne (1818–1909) was a settler and politician of Queensland, Australia. He was a Member of the Queensland Legislative Council.

  25. Charles Sreeve Peterson

    Charles Sreeve Peterson


    Charles Sreeve Peterson (July 28, 1818 – September 26, 1889) was an early Mormon leader who was the first settler of Utah's Morgan Valley, a member of the Utah Territorial Legislature, and one of the first settlers in the Mormon colonies in Mexico.

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