1737 births

Posted May 31, 2011
List of famous people who were born in 1737
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See also 1730s births, 1737

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  1. Thomas Paine

    Thomas Paine


    Thomas Paine (February 9, 1737 [O.S. January 29, 1736] – June 8, 1809) was an English-American political activist, philosopher, political theorist and revolutionary. One of the Founding Fathers of the United States, he authored the two most influential pamphlets at the start of the American Revolution, and he inspired the rebels in 1776 to declare independence from Britain. His ideas reflected Enlightenment-era rhetoric of transnational human rights. He has been called "a corsetmaker by trade, a journalist by profession, and a propagandist by inclination".

  2. Thomas Paine

    Thomas Paine


    Thomas Paine (16321715) was a colonial American privateer who, during the late 17th century, raided several Spanish settlements, including his raid with Jan Willems who together looted Rio de la Hacha in 1680 as well as driving the French out of Block Island. Although a subject of Great Britain, he was associated with many prominent Dutch privateers of the day including Jan Corneliszoon.

  3. Marie-Louise O'Murphy

    Marie-Louise O'Murphy


    Marie-Louise O'Murphy (also variously called Mademoiselle de Morphy, La Belle Morphise, Louise Morfi or Marie-Louise Morphy de Boisfailly; 21 October 1737 – 11 December 1814), was one of the lesser mistresses (petites maîtresses) of King Louis XV of France, and a model for the famous painting of François Boucher.

  4. Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke

    Buddha Yodfa Chulaloke


    Phra Phutthayotfa Chulalok (Thai: พระพุทธยอดฟ้าจุฬาโลก), born Thongduang (Thai: ทองด้วง) and also known as Rama I (20 March 1737 – 7 September 1809), was the founder and the first monarch of the reigning House of Chakri of Siam (now Thailand). His full title in Thai is Phra Bat Somdet Phra Paramoruracha Mahachakkriborommanat Phra Phutthayotfa Chulalok (Thai: พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรโมรุราชามหาจักรีบรมนารถ พระพุทธยอดฟ้าจุฬาโลก). He ascended the throne in 1782, after defeating a rebellion which had deposed King Taksin of Thonburi. He was also celebrated as the founder of Rattanakosin (now Bangkok) as the new capital of the reunited kingdom.

  5. Charlotte de Rohan

    Charlotte de Rohan


    Charlotte de Rohan (Charlotte Godefride Élisabeth; 7 October 1737 – 4 March 1760) was a French aristocrat who married into the House of Condé, a cadet branch of the ruling House of Bourbon, during the Ancien Régime. She was Princess of Condé by her marriage. She has no known descendants today as her grandson, heir to the Condé family, died without children and her daughter remained childless. Charlotte was praised for being a cultured and attractive princess of her age.

  6. Maria Caterina Brignole

    Maria Caterina Brignole


    Maria Caterina Brignole (or Marie-Christine de Brignole; 7 October 1737 – 18 March 1813) was the daughter of a Genovese nobleman. On 5 June 1757 she married Honoré III, Prince of Monaco.

  7. Edward Gibbon

    Edward Gibbon


    Edward Gibbon (April 27, 1737  – January 16, 1794) was an English historian and Member of Parliament. His most important work, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, was published in six volumes between 1776 and 1788. The Decline and Fall is known for the quality and irony of its prose, its use of primary sources, and its open denigration of organized religion.

  8. Antoine-Augustin Parmentier

    Antoine-Augustin Parmentier


    Antoine-Augustin Parmentier (Montdidier August 12, 1737 – December 13, 1813) is remembered as a vocal promoter of the potato as a food source for humans in France and throughout Europe. His many other contributions to nutrition and health included establishing the first mandatory smallpox vaccination campaign (under Napoleon beginning in 1805, when he was Inspector-General of the Health Service) and pioneering the extraction of sugar from sugar beets. Parmentier also founded a school of breadmaking, and studied methods of conserving food, including refrigeration.

  9. Francis Hopkinson

    Francis Hopkinson


    Francis Hopkinson (September 21, 1737 – May 9, 1791) was an American author and one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence as a delegate from New Jersey. He later served as a federal judge in Pennsylvania. He was the designer of the first American flag.

  10. Antonio Diziani

    Antonio Diziani


    Antonio Diziani (1737–1797) was an Italian painter of the 18th century, active mainly in painting vedute or landscapes and vistas of Venice.

  11. Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre

    Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre


    Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre (also called Bernardin de St. Pierre) (19 January 1737 Le Havre – 21 January 1814 Éragny, Val-d'Oise) was a French writer and botanist. He is best known for his 1788 novel Paul et Virginie, now largely forgotten, but in the 19th century a very popular children's book.

  12. Joseph Pignatelli

    Joseph Pignatelli


    Saint Joseph Mary Pignatelli, S.J. (Spanish: José María Pignatelli), was a Spanish priest who was the unofficial leader of the Jesuits in exile in Sardinia, after the suppression of the Society of Jesus. Supervising its restoration, he is considered its second founder.

  13. Johann Friedrich Struensee

    Johann Friedrich Struensee


    Count Johann Friedrich Struensee (5 August 1737 – 28 April 1772) was a German doctor. He became royal physician to the schizophrenic King Christian VII of Denmark and a minister in the Danish government. He rose in power to a position of “de factoregent of the country, where he tried to carry out widespread reforms. His affair with Queen Caroline Matilda (“Caroline Mathilde”) caused scandal, especially after the birth of a daughter, Princess Louise Augusta, and was the catalyst for the intrigues and power play that caused his downfall and dramatic death. He died unmarried.

  14. Michael Haydn

    Michael Haydn


    Johann Michael Haydn (14 September 1737 – 10 August 1806) was an Austrian composer of the Classical period, the younger brother of Joseph Haydn.

  15. George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney

    George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney


    George Macartney, 1st Earl Macartney, KB (14 May 1737 – 31 May 1806) was a British statesman, colonial administrator and diplomat. He is often remembered for his observation following Britain's success in the Seven Years War and subsequent territorial expansion at the Treaty of Paris that Britain now controlled "a vast Empire, on which the sun never sets".

  16. Bernard Peyrilhe

    Bernard Peyrilhe


    Bernard Peyrilhe (1737–1804) was a French surgeon known as one of the founders of experimental cancer research. He injected some extracts of breast cancer to study the transmission of the disease.

  17. César Henri, comte de La Luzerne

    César Henri, comte de La Luzerne


    César Henri Guillaume de La Luzerne (23 February 1737, Paris - 24 March 1799, château de Bernau, near Linz), seigneur de Beuzeville et de Rilly, baron de Chambon, was a French politician and soldier, rising to Lieutenant général des armées and naval minister. He was the son of César-Antoine de La Luzerne, comte de Beuzeville (died 1755) and Marie-Elisabeth de Lamoignon de Blancmesnil (1716-1758).

  18. Princess Augusta of Great Britain

    Princess Augusta of Great Britain


    Princess Augusta Frederica of Great Britain (31 July 1737 – 23 March 1813) was a granddaughter of George II and the only elder sibling of George III. She married into the ducal house of Brunswick, of which she was already a member. Her daughter Caroline was the wife of George IV.

  19. Friedrich Adolf, Count von Kalckreuth

    Friedrich Adolf, Count von Kalckreuth


    Friedrich Adolf Graf von Kalckreuth (22 February 1737 – 10 June 1818) was a Prussian Generalfeldmarschall.

  20. Erik Laxmann

    Erik Laxmann


    Erik Gustavovich Laxmann (Russian: ) (July 27, 1737 – January 6, 1796) was a Finnish-Swedish clergyman, explorer and natural scientist born in Nyslott in Finland, then part of Sweden. He is remembered today for his taxonomic work on the fauna of Siberia and for his attempts to establish relations between Imperial Russia and Tokugawa Japan.

  21. Princess Louise Marie of France

    Princess Louise Marie of France


    Louise Marie de France (15 July 1737 - 23 December 1787) was the youngest of the ten children of King Louis XV of France and his wife, Queen Maria Leszczynska. As a daughter of the king, she held the rank of a fille de France, and was known as Madame Louise. She outlived her father, mother, and all of her siblings except for her two older sisters, Madame Adélaïde and Madame Victoire.

  22. Skeffington Lutwidge

    Skeffington Lutwidge


    Skeffington Lutwidge (13 March 1737 – 15/16 August 1814) was an officer of the Royal Navy, who saw service during the American War of Independence, and the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars. He had a particular connection with Horatio Nelson, who served under Lutwidge as a midshipman on an expedition to the Arctic in HMS Carcass in 1773, and again in 1801 while a captain, when Lutwidge was commander in chief in the Downs. Lutwidge served for a considerable period and in a number of ships, in American waters during the War of Independence. During this time he captured a number of American privateers, and was involved in operations on Lake Champlain. He reached flag rank soon after the start of the French Revolutionary Wars, and served mainly in Home waters as commander in chief of some of the stations on the south coast. He retired from active service with the rank of admiral, and died in 1814, shortly before the end of the Napoleonic Wars. He was the great-uncle of Lewis Carroll.

  23. Isaac Ruddell

    Isaac Ruddell


    Captain Isaac Ruddell (1737-January 1812) was an 18th-century American Virginia State Line officer during the American Revolutionary War and a Kentucky frontiersman. He was an officer commanding a company under BGEN George Rogers Clark (1777-1782). He was the founder of Ruddell's Station, one of the earliest settlements in Bourbon County, Kentucky. He founded another settlement also known as Ruddell's Station, or fort, on the site of an abandoned fort on the Licking River in present-day Harrison County, Kentucky. During the Revolutionary War, the settlement was destroyed by a joint Canadian and Shawnee party under British officer Captain Henry Bird in 1780. He and his family were held prisoner in Detroit for over two years before their release.

  24. James Lovell

    James Lovell


    James Lovell MM (10 February 1899 – 27 January 2004), known as Jim Lovell, was one of the last British veterans of the First World War and the last surviving decorated "Tommy". He served in the Royal Berkshire Regiment. He died just two weeks shy of his 105th birthday.

  25. Henriette Anne Louise d'Aguesseau

    Henriette Anne Louise d'Aguesseau


    Henriette Anne Louise d'Aguesseau, Duchess of Noailles, Queen of the Principality of Tingry (12 February 1737 – 22 July 1794), was the heiress of her grandfather, Henri François d'Aguesseau, and wife of Jean Paul François de Noailles, Count and Duke of Ayen.

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